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Economic Development in Leather Tannery and Environmental Issues

Author

Listed:
  • Muhammad Qasim

    (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Pakistan)

  • Aroj Bashir

    (Department of Geo Sciences & Geography University of Gujrat, Pakistan)

  • Malik Muhammad Anees

    (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Pakistan)

  • Ahtasham Raza

    (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Pakistan)

  • Muhammad Usman Ghani

    (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Pakistan)

  • Moeen Khalid

    (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Pakistan)

  • Jahanzaib Malik

    (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Pakistan)

  • Faisal Hanan

    (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Pakistan)

Abstract

Pakistan since independence, has built leather and leather based industry from the old tradition sector. Pakistan being predominantly an agriculture country and has large livestock population, The leather industry is one of the most polluted industries because of water intensive in nature and the use of large quantities of chemicals and high pollution load in the form of effluents. Such effluents contain sulphides, chromium, and synthetic tannins biocides, detergents, dyes and proteins material. The aim of the aims and objectives to undertake this project is to underline hazards associated with leather manufacturing and See processes involved in purification and management of leather waste. It was concluded that Workers in the tanning industry may suffer from Anthrax, respiratory and skin irritations, chronic bronchitis, contact dermatitis, chrome ulceration, tetanus, Q fever, allergies, eczema, kidney stones, irritation of mucous membranes of the throat and nose, alteration of genetic material, lung cancer, Sino nasal cancer, pancreatic cancer, bladder and testicular cancer and death. Several injuries also occur due to slippery.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Qasim & Aroj Bashir & Malik Muhammad Anees & Ahtasham Raza & Muhammad Usman Ghani & Moeen Khalid & Jahanzaib Malik & Faisal Hanan, 2015. "Economic Development in Leather Tannery and Environmental Issues," Bulletin of Energy Economics (BEE), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 3(1), pages 41-47, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ijr:beejor:v:3:y:2015:i:1:p:41-47
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic Development; Leather Tannery; Environmental Issue;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F63 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Economic Development

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