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Türkiye’de imalat sanayindeki firmaların fiyatlama davranışı

  • Ercan KARADAŞ

    (T.C. Merkez Bankası)

  • Defne MUTLUER

    (T.C. Merkez Bankası)

  • Yasemin BARLAS ÖZER

    (T.C. Merkez Bankası)

  • Cevriye AYSOY

    (T.C. Merkez Bankası)

Çalışmada, imalat sanayine uygulanan “Fiyatlama Davranışı Anketi” sonuçları değerlendirilmektedir. Bulgular, fiyat belirlemede rakip firmaları göz önüne alarak yapılan fiyatlama ve değişken kar marjı uygulamasının yaygın olduğunu, firmaların fiyat alıcı olmaktan ziyade fiyat yapıcı olduklarını ve önemli oranının ana ürün fiyatını bir değişkene endekslediğini göstermektedir. Fiyatlar gözden geçirilirken genelde zamana bağlı bir politika takip edilirken, zaman aralığı olarak aylık gözden geçirmeler öne çıkmaktadır. Bu sonuca, firmaların maliyet veya talepteki şoklara cevap vermeleri için geçmesi gereken sürenin bir ay olması eklenince, fiyatları değiştirmede aylık periyotlarla hareket etmenin yaygın olduğu gözlenmektedir. Firmaların maliyet ve talep şoklarına tepkileri incelendiğinde, maliyet artışlarını fiyatları artırmada, talepteki düşüşü ise fiyatlarını düşürmede dikkate aldıkları görülmektedir. Gerek gözden geçirme sıklığının yüksek olması gerekse sınanan katılık teorilerine atfedilen önem düzeylerinin yüksek olmaması nominal katılıkların belirgin olmadığına işaret etmektedir. Böyle bir sonuç, enflasyonun yüksek olduğu bir ortamda karşılaşılan şoklar sonrası fiyatları değiştirmenin getirisinin, değiştirmemenin sağlayacağı faydaya kıyasla daha fazla olmasıyla açıklanabilir.

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Article provided by Bilgesel Yayincilik in its journal İktisat İşletme ve Finans.

Volume (Year): 23 (2008)
Issue (Month): 268 ()
Pages: 7-34

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Handle: RePEc:iif:iifjrn:v:23:y:2008:i:268:p:7-34
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  1. Marco Hoeberichts & Ad Stokman, 2005. "Price Setting Behaviour in the Netherlands: Results of a Survey," DNB Working Papers 073, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  2. Fabiani, S. & Druant, M. & Hernando, I. & Kwapil, C. & Landau, B. & Loupias, C. & Martins, F. & Mathä, T. & Sabbatini, R. & Stahl, H. & Stockman, A., 2005. "The Pricing Behaviour of Firms in the Euro Area: New Survey Evidence," Working papers 135, Banque de France.
  3. Ball, Laurence & Romer, David, 1991. "Sticky Prices as Coordination Failure," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(3), pages 539-52, June.
  4. Apel, Mikael & Friberg, Richard & Hallsten, Kerstin, 2005. "Microfoundations of Macroeconomic Price Adjustment: Survey Evidence from Swedish Firms," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 37(2), pages 313-38, April.
  5. Fernando Martins, 2006. "The Price Setting Behaviour of Portuguese Firms Evidence From Survey Data," Working Papers w200604, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  6. repec:nbr:nberre:0126 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Taylor, John B., 1999. "Staggered price and wage setting in macroeconomics," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 15, pages 1009-1050 Elsevier.
  8. Mankiw, N Gregory, 1990. "A Quick Refresher Course in Macroeconomics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 28(4), pages 1645-60, December.
  9. Stahl, Harald, 2005. "Price setting in German manufacturing: new evidence from new survey data," Working Paper Series 0561, European Central Bank.
  10. Silvia Fabiani & Martine Druant & Ignacio Hernando & Claudia Kwapil & Bettina Landau & Claire Loupias & Fernando Martins & Thomas Mathä & Roberto Sabbatini & Harald Stahl & Ad Stokman, 2006. "What Firms' Surveys Tell Us about Price-Setting Behavior in the Euro Area," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 2(3), September.
  11. Russell Cooper & Andrew John, 1988. "Coordinating Coordination Failures in Keynesian Models," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 103(3), pages 441-463.
  12. Patrick Lünnemann & Thomas Mathä, 2006. "New survey evidence on the pricing behaviour of Luxembourg firms," BCL working papers 19, Central Bank of Luxembourg.
  13. Blinder, Alan S, 1991. "Why Are Prices Sticky? Preliminary Results from an Interview Study," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(2), pages 89-96, May.
  14. Loupias, C. & Ricart, R., 2004. "Price Setting in France: new Evidence from Survey Data," Working papers 120, Banque de France.
  15. Fabiani, Silvia & Gattulli, Angela & Sabbatini, Roberto, 2004. "The pricing behaviour of Italian firms: new survey evidence on price stickiness," Working Paper Series 0333, European Central Bank.
  16. Aucremanne, Luc & Druant, Martine, 2005. "Price-setting behaviour in Belgium: what can be learned from an ad hoc survey?," Working Paper Series 0448, European Central Bank.
  17. Taylor, John B, 1980. "Aggregate Dynamics and Staggered Contracts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(1), pages 1-23, February.
  18. Laurence Ball & N. Gregory Mankiw, 1994. "A sticky-price manifesto," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, issue Apr.
  19. Josef Baumgartner & Claudia Kwapil & Johann Scharler, 2005. "The Price-Setting Behavior of Austrian Firms: Some Survey Evidence," Working Papers 100, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
  20. Simon Hall & Mark Walsh & Anthony Yates, 1997. "How do UK companies set prices?," Bank of England working papers 67, Bank of England.
  21. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
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