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Türkiye’de imalat sanayindeki firmaların fiyatlama davranışı

  • Ercan KARADAŞ

    (T.C. Merkez Bankası)

  • Defne MUTLUER

    (T.C. Merkez Bankası)

  • Yasemin BARLAS ÖZER

    (T.C. Merkez Bankası)

  • Cevriye AYSOY

    (T.C. Merkez Bankası)

Çalışmada, imalat sanayine uygulanan “Fiyatlama Davranışı Anketi” sonuçları değerlendirilmektedir. Bulgular, fiyat belirlemede rakip firmaları göz önüne alarak yapılan fiyatlama ve değişken kar marjı uygulamasının yaygın olduğunu, firmaların fiyat alıcı olmaktan ziyade fiyat yapıcı olduklarını ve önemli oranının ana ürün fiyatını bir değişkene endekslediğini göstermektedir. Fiyatlar gözden geçirilirken genelde zamana bağlı bir politika takip edilirken, zaman aralığı olarak aylık gözden geçirmeler öne çıkmaktadır. Bu sonuca, firmaların maliyet veya talepteki şoklara cevap vermeleri için geçmesi gereken sürenin bir ay olması eklenince, fiyatları değiştirmede aylık periyotlarla hareket etmenin yaygın olduğu gözlenmektedir. Firmaların maliyet ve talep şoklarına tepkileri incelendiğinde, maliyet artışlarını fiyatları artırmada, talepteki düşüşü ise fiyatlarını düşürmede dikkate aldıkları görülmektedir. Gerek gözden geçirme sıklığının yüksek olması gerekse sınanan katılık teorilerine atfedilen önem düzeylerinin yüksek olmaması nominal katılıkların belirgin olmadığına işaret etmektedir. Böyle bir sonuç, enflasyonun yüksek olduğu bir ortamda karşılaşılan şoklar sonrası fiyatları değiştirmenin getirisinin, değiştirmemenin sağlayacağı faydaya kıyasla daha fazla olmasıyla açıklanabilir.

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Article provided by Bilgesel Yayincilik in its journal İktisat İşletme ve Finans.

Volume (Year): 23 (2008)
Issue (Month): 268 ()
Pages: 7-34

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Handle: RePEc:iif:iifjrn:v:23:y:2008:i:268:p:7-34
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  1. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
  2. Kwapil, Claudia & Baumgartner, Josef & Scharler, Johann, 2005. "The price-setting behavior of Austrian firms: some survey evidence," Working Paper Series 0464, European Central Bank.
  3. Marco Hoeberichts & Ad Stokman, 2005. "Price Setting Behaviour in the Netherlands: Results of a Survey," DNB Working Papers 073, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  4. Patrick Lünnemann & Thomas Mathä, 2006. "New survey evidence on the pricing behaviour of Luxembourg firms," BCL working papers 19, Central Bank of Luxembourg.
  5. Alan S. Blinder, 1991. "Why are Prices Sticky? Preliminary Results from an Interview Study," NBER Working Papers 3646, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. repec:nbr:nberre:0126 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. John B. Taylor, 1998. "Staggered Price and Wage Setting in Macroeconomics," NBER Working Papers 6754, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. N. Gregory Mankiw, 1990. "A Quick Refresher Course in Macroeconomics," NBER Working Papers 3256, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Stahl, Harald, 2005. "Price setting in German manufacturing: new evidence from new survey data," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2005,43, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
  10. Ball, Laurence & Mankiw, N. Gregory, 1994. "A sticky-price manifesto," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 127-151, December.
  11. S. Fabiana & M. Druant & I. Hernando & C. Kwapil & B. Landau & C. Loupias & F. Martins & T. Math� & R. Sabbatini & H. Stahl & A. Stokman, 2005. "The Pricing Behaviour of Firms in the Euro Area New Survey Evidence," DNB Working Papers 058, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  12. Fabiani, Silvia & Druant, Martine & Hernando, Ignacio & Kwapil, Claudia & Landau, Bettina & Loupias, Claire & Martins, Fernando & Matha, Thomas & Sabbatini, Roberto & Stahl, Harald & Stokman, Ad, 2006. "What Firms' Surveys Tell Us about Price-Setting Behavior in the Euro Area," MPRA Paper 808, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  13. Simon Hall & Mark Walsh & Anthony Yates, 1997. "How do UK companies set prices?," Bank of England working papers 67, Bank of England.
  14. Silvia Fabiani & Angela Gattulli & Roberto Sabbatini, 2004. "The pricing behaviour of Italian firms: new survey evidence on price stickiness," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 515, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  15. Ball, Laurence & Romer, David, 1991. "Sticky Prices as Coordination Failure," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(3), pages 539-52, June.
  16. Fernando Martins, 2006. "The Price Setting Behaviour of Portuguese Firms Evidence From Survey Data," Working Papers w200604, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  17. Taylor, John B, 1980. "Aggregate Dynamics and Staggered Contracts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(1), pages 1-23, February.
  18. Apel, Mikael & Friberg, Richard & Hallsten, Kerstin, 2001. "Micro Foundations of Macroeconomic Price Adjustment: Survey Evidence from Swedish Firms," Working Paper Series 128, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  19. Loupias, Claire & Ricart, Roland, 2004. "Price setting in France: new evidence from survey data," Working Paper Series 0423, European Central Bank.
  20. Aucremanne, Luc & Druant, Martine, 2005. "Price-setting behaviour in Belgium: what can be learned from an ad hoc survey?," Working Paper Series 0448, European Central Bank.
  21. Cooper, Russell & John, Andrew, 1988. "Coordinating Coordination Failures in Keynesian Models," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 103(3), pages 441-63, August.
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