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Türkiye’de imalat sanayindeki firmaların fiyatlama davranışı

  • Ercan KARADAŞ

    (T.C. Merkez Bankası)

  • Defne MUTLUER

    (T.C. Merkez Bankası)

  • Yasemin BARLAS ÖZER

    (T.C. Merkez Bankası)

  • Cevriye AYSOY

    (T.C. Merkez Bankası)

Çalışmada, imalat sanayine uygulanan “Fiyatlama Davranışı Anketi” sonuçları değerlendirilmektedir. Bulgular, fiyat belirlemede rakip firmaları göz önüne alarak yapılan fiyatlama ve değişken kar marjı uygulamasının yaygın olduğunu, firmaların fiyat alıcı olmaktan ziyade fiyat yapıcı olduklarını ve önemli oranının ana ürün fiyatını bir değişkene endekslediğini göstermektedir. Fiyatlar gözden geçirilirken genelde zamana bağlı bir politika takip edilirken, zaman aralığı olarak aylık gözden geçirmeler öne çıkmaktadır. Bu sonuca, firmaların maliyet veya talepteki şoklara cevap vermeleri için geçmesi gereken sürenin bir ay olması eklenince, fiyatları değiştirmede aylık periyotlarla hareket etmenin yaygın olduğu gözlenmektedir. Firmaların maliyet ve talep şoklarına tepkileri incelendiğinde, maliyet artışlarını fiyatları artırmada, talepteki düşüşü ise fiyatlarını düşürmede dikkate aldıkları görülmektedir. Gerek gözden geçirme sıklığının yüksek olması gerekse sınanan katılık teorilerine atfedilen önem düzeylerinin yüksek olmaması nominal katılıkların belirgin olmadığına işaret etmektedir. Böyle bir sonuç, enflasyonun yüksek olduğu bir ortamda karşılaşılan şoklar sonrası fiyatları değiştirmenin getirisinin, değiştirmemenin sağlayacağı faydaya kıyasla daha fazla olmasıyla açıklanabilir.

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Article provided by Bilgesel Yayincilik in its journal İktisat İşletme ve Finans.

Volume (Year): 23 (2008)
Issue (Month): 268 ()
Pages: 7-34

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Handle: RePEc:iif:iifjrn:v:23:y:2008:i:268:p:7-34
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  1. Taylor, John B., 1999. "Staggered price and wage setting in macroeconomics," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 15, pages 1009-1050 Elsevier.
  2. Apel, Mikael & Friberg, Richard & Hallsten, Kerstin, 2001. "Micro Foundations of Macroeconomic Price Adjustment: Survey Evidence from Swedish Firms," Working Paper Series 128, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  3. N. Gregory Mankiw, 1990. "A Quick Refresher Course in Macroeconomics," NBER Working Papers 3256, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Stahl, Harald, 2005. "Price setting in German manufacturing: new evidence from new survey data," Working Paper Series 0561, European Central Bank.
  5. Kwapil, Claudia & Baumgartner, Josef & Scharler, Johann, 2005. "The price-setting behavior of Austrian firms: some survey evidence," Working Paper Series 0464, European Central Bank.
  6. Simon Hall & Mark Walsh & Anthony Yates, 1997. "How do UK companies set prices?," Bank of England working papers 67, Bank of England.
  7. repec:nbr:nberre:0126 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Fabiani, Silvia & Druant, Martine & Hernando, Ignacio & Kwapil, Claudia & Landau, Bettina & Loupias, Claire & Martins, Fernando & Matha, Thomas & Sabbatini, Roberto & Stahl, Harald & Stokman, Ad, 2006. "What Firms' Surveys Tell Us about Price-Setting Behavior in the Euro Area," MPRA Paper 808, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Stokman, Ad C.J. & Hoeberichts, Marco M., 2006. "Price setting behaviour in the Netherlands: results of a survey," Working Paper Series 0607, European Central Bank.
  10. Laurence Ball & David Romer, 1987. "Sticky Prices as Coordination Failure," NBER Working Papers 2327, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. S. Fabiana & M. Druant & I. Hernando & C. Kwapil & B. Landau & C. Loupias & F. Martins & T. Mathä & R. Sabbatini & H. Stahl & A. Stokman, 2005. "The Pricing Behaviour of Firms in the Euro Area New Survey Evidence," DNB Working Papers 058, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  12. Loupias, C. & Ricart, R., 2004. "Price Setting in France: new Evidence from Survey Data," Working papers 120, Banque de France.
  13. Aucremanne, Luc & Druant, Martine, 2005. "Price-setting behaviour in Belgium: what can be learned from an ad hoc survey?," Working Paper Series 0448, European Central Bank.
  14. Ball, Laurence & Mankiw, N. Gregory, 1994. "A sticky-price manifesto," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 127-151, December.
  15. Blinder, Alan S, 1991. "Why Are Prices Sticky? Preliminary Results from an Interview Study," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(2), pages 89-96, May.
  16. Fabiani, Silvia & Gattulli, Angela & Sabbatini, Roberto, 2004. "The pricing behaviour of Italian firms: new survey evidence on price stickiness," Working Paper Series 0333, European Central Bank.
  17. Lünnemann, Patrick & Mathä, Thomas Y., 2006. "New survey evidence on the pricing behaviour of Luxembourg firms," Working Paper Series 0617, European Central Bank.
  18. Fernando Martins, 2006. "The Price Setting Behaviour of Portuguese Firms Evidence From Survey Data," Working Papers w200604, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  19. Taylor, John B, 1980. "Aggregate Dynamics and Staggered Contracts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(1), pages 1-23, February.
  20. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
  21. Russell Cooper & Andrew John, 1988. "Coordinating Coordination Failures in Keynesian Models," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 103(3), pages 441-463.
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