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Determinants of non-performing loans in Ghana banking industry


  • Franklin Amuakwa-Mensah
  • Angela Boakye-Adjei


The detrimental effect non-performing loans (NPLs) have on banks' income and the economy makes it necessary to examine the determinants of NPLs in the banking industry in Ghana. Using panel regression model, it was found that both bank-specific variables (i.e., previous year's NPL, bank size, net interest margin (NIM), and current year's loan growth) and macroeconomic variables (i.e., previous year's inflation, real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita growth and real effective exchange rate) significantly affect NPLs in the banking industry. Also the sub-sample estimations showed that both bank-specific (i.e., previous year's NPLs and current year's loan growth) and macroeconomic factors (i.e., real effective exchange rate, real GDP per capita growth, and previous year's inflation rate) affect NPLs of large banks. However, whereas bank-specific variables (i.e., previous year's NPLs and current year's loan growth) are important in explaining NPLs, macroeconomic factors are not important in explaining NPLs for small banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Franklin Amuakwa-Mensah & Angela Boakye-Adjei, 2015. "Determinants of non-performing loans in Ghana banking industry," International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 5(1), pages 35-54.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijcome:v:5:y:2015:i:1:p:35-54

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    Cited by:

    1. Shuffield Seyram Asafo, 2018. "The Macro-economy and Non-Performing Loans in Ghana: A BVAR approach," International Journal of Business and Economic Sciences Applied Research (IJBESAR), International Hellenic University (IHU), Kavala Campus, Greece (formerly Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology - EMaTTech), vol. 11(3), pages 65-72, December.
    2. Muhammad Waqas & Nudrat Fatima & Aryan Khan & Muhammad Arif, 2017. "Determinants of Non-performing Loans: A Comparative Study of Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh," International Journal of Finance & Banking Studies, Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 6(1), pages 51-68, January.
    3. Grace Ofori-Abebrese & Robert Becker Pickson & Eric Opare, 2016. "The Effect of Bank Specific Factors on Loan Performance of HFC Bank in Ghana," International Journal of Economics and Finance, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 8(7), pages 185-185, July.
    4. Charles Adusei, 2018. "Determinants of Non-Performing Loans in the Banking Sector of Ghana Between 1998 and 2013," Asian Development Policy Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 6(3), pages 142-154, September.


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