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The State And Evolution Of Agricultural Land Resources In The Post-Socialist Period In Romania


  • Marioara RUSU

    () (Institute of Agricultural Economics, Romanian Academy, Bucharest)

  • Violeta Maria SIMIONESCU

    (Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University Ovidius Constanţa)


In Romania, after the 1989 Revolution, the land resources have acquired an increasingly important role in agriculture and rural area development. The main objective of this paper is to increase the awareness degree on the current situation and evolution of land resources as well as on the related opportunities and challenges. The land resource analysis revealed that Romania has significant agricultural land resources, with a favourable agricultural land structure, in which arable land prevails. The land reform implementation produced significant changes in the land ownership structure, and the private landed property prevails in all the agricultural categories of use. Romania is characterized by significant soil diversity, yet with almost half of its agricultural areas being affected by various constraining factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Marioara RUSU & Violeta Maria SIMIONESCU, 2015. "The State And Evolution Of Agricultural Land Resources In The Post-Socialist Period In Romania," Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 12(2), pages 183-195.
  • Handle: RePEc:iag:reviea:v:12:y:2015:i:2:p:183-195

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    More about this item


    land resources; post-socialist period; Romania;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q00 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - General
    • Q24 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Land


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