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European integration and cooperation, basic vectors of European space of freedom, security and justice


  • Ion Balaceanu

    () (Hyperion University of Bucharest)

  • Mihaela-Flavia Din

    () (Romanian Ministry of Internal Affairs)


The European countries joining to the Schengen area had the effect elimination of internal border controls between Schengen member countries, that use permenent provisions of the Schengen acquis, being a single external border where operational checks are carried out according to a set of clear rules on immigration, visas, the asylum, as well as some decisions concerning police cooperation, judicial or customs. This means that the border crossing can be made at any time through many places, and citizens of member countries who are traveling in the Schengen area must present a valid ID. Overcoming internal border can be equated with a journey through the country.

Suggested Citation

  • Ion Balaceanu & Mihaela-Flavia Din, 2013. "European integration and cooperation, basic vectors of European space of freedom, security and justice," Hyperion Economic Journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Hyperion University of Bucharest, Romania, vol. 1(1), pages 10-18, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:hyp:journl:v:1:y:2013:i:1:p:10-18

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    area of freedom; security and justice; European integration; the Schengen acquis;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • F50 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - General


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