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Features of Interaction Between Russian Enterprises and Research Organisations in the Field of Innovation


  • Stanislav Zaichenko

    () (Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, National Research University Higher School of Economics)

  • Tatiana Kuznetsova

    () (Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, National Research University Higher School of Economics)

  • Vitaliy Roud

    () (Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, National Research University Higher School of Economics)


Co-operation, knowledge co-creation and exchange are core components of modern economic models of innovation development. Intensity and efficiency of linkages is widely considered as one of the major determinants of innovation system performance. This paper presents empirical estimates of the scale and character of interactions between companies and research organisations in the Russian economy. The data are derived from the surveys of 1000 enterprises (2011) and 1000 research organisations (2012). The questionnaire is designed to allow characterization of cooperative practices and knowledge demand and supply. One of the key findings on the demand side is significant heterogeneity of involvement by sectors in the knowledge transfer process. Specific sectors (e.g. petrochemistry, equipment manufacturing) are tightly integrated with R&D institutions, while others (e.g. consumer goods, wood processing industries) are not linked to the Russian S&T development complex. This diversity of practices is partly determined by the overall allocation of resources within the economy as well as specific competition regimes that limit short- and medium-term benefits from R&D. Similarly, on the knowledge supply side, R&D organisations do not treat technology transfer as a priority strategy for sustainable development. Indeed, they focus on intellectual services instead of R&D, that is, on consulting and modification of existing technologies. Among innovation-active companies, only 14% rely on the R&D results of Russian research centers. Of those actually engaged in co-operation, 12% of companies indicate implementation of new-to-the-world products or production processes and 29% new-to-the-country innovations. Generally, low demand for R&D meets limited novelty of research results produced by the research organisations (compared to the technologies available on the global markets). Thus there are limited enclaves of efficient co-operation. These are mainly grouped around traditionally arranged institutional linkages as well as existing allocations of financial resources across the economic sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • Stanislav Zaichenko & Tatiana Kuznetsova & Vitaliy Roud, 2014. "Features of Interaction Between Russian Enterprises and Research Organisations in the Field of Innovation," Foresight and STI Governance (Foresight-Russia till No. 3/2015), National Research University Higher School of Economics, vol. 8(1), pages 6-22.
  • Handle: RePEc:hig:fsight:v:8:y:2014:i:1:p:6-22

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    Cited by:

    1. Leonid Gokhberg & Vitaliy Roud, 2016. "Structural changes in the national innovation system: longitudinal study of innovation modes in the Russian industry," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 269-288, August.
    2. Thomas Thurner & Mikhail Gershman & Vitaly Roud, 2015. "Partnerships as internationalization strategy: Russian entrepreneurs between local restrictions and global opportunities," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 13(2), pages 118-137, June.
    3. A. A. Rumyantsev, 2019. "Funding Innovation at Enterprises of the Manufacturing Industry in St. Petersburg," Studies on Russian Economic Development, Springer, vol. 30(5), pages 540-546, September.
    4. Yu. Simachev & M. Kuzyk & V. Feygina., 2014. "R&D Cooperation between Russian Firms and Research Organizations: Is There a Need for State Assistance?," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 7.

    More about this item


    innovation activities; innovative enterprises; scientific organisations; R&D transfer; innovation; co-operation;

    JEL classification:

    • L21 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Business Objectives of the Firm
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D


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