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Sir James Steuart on Double Competition and Market Stability


  • José M. Menudo

    () (Universidad Pablo de Olavide - Department of Economics)

  • Ramón Tortajada

    (Université Grenoble Alpes - GREG)


This work examines the theory of price determination in Sir James Steuart, with a particular focus on the problem of market stability. The paper proposes a scheme of analysis in keeping with a view of exchange significantly different from classical and neoclassical theories – Steuart’s framework does not abstract money, merchant or state; price determination mechanism is a structured process inside a monetary circulation system that ensures transactions between agents. This allows us to distinguish between a supply-demand market adjustment, called ‘balance of work and demand’, and a competitive mechanism called ‘double competition’. This is an essential step in order to understand why this particular mechanism of interdependence fails to maintain a stable price, and how the statesman recovers the stability.

Suggested Citation

  • José M. Menudo & Ramón Tortajada, 2015. "Sir James Steuart on Double Competition and Market Stability," History of Economic Ideas, Fabrizio Serra Editore, Pisa - Roma, vol. 23(1), pages 39-58.
  • Handle: RePEc:hid:journl:v:23:y:2015:1:3:p:39-58

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