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Inequality of educational opportunity in Italy:how fair is the “3+2" reform?


  • Paolo Brunori
  • Vito Peragine
  • Laura Serlenga

    () (University of Bari
    University of Bari
    University of Bari)


In this paper we propose a de_nition of fairness in education which is based onthe theory of equality of opportunity developed in the last decades in the philosophical and economic literature (Roemer,1998; Fleurbaey, 2008), we derive opportunity inequality measures based on such conceptual framework, and we use these measures to evaluate the 1999 reform of the Italian university system (the so called “3+2" reform). Looking at 1995-2004 college graduates data our estimates show an improvement in the equality of opportunity in the access to university. However, the aggregated data available for the 2005-2008 suggest that such a positive e_ect may vanish in the medium run.

Suggested Citation

  • Paolo Brunori & Vito Peragine & Laura Serlenga, 2011. "Inequality of educational opportunity in Italy:how fair is the “3+2" reform?," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 70(1), pages 65-95, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:gde:journl:gde_v70_n1_p65-95

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    More about this item


    Equality of opportunity; Higher education;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education


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