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Geographical Economics: A Survey

Author

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  • Massimo Del Gatto

    () (University of Bologna)

Abstract

The notion of "polycentric city system" is currently receiving growing attention as a basic element of the "European Spatial Policy". From this perspective, both agglomeration and economic integration have to be reinterpreted on a wider geographical scale. This is of interest of the s.c. Geographical Economics. Focusing on both "size" and "number" (of clusters), this paper surveys the most recent contributions to the theoretical analysis of: i) determinants of concentration and dispersion; ii) market outcome efficiency. Key results are highlighted, related to model assumptions, and classified on the basis of the underlying hypothesis on external economies and market structure.

Suggested Citation

  • Massimo Del Gatto, 2004. "Geographical Economics: A Survey," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 63(2), pages 205-241, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gde:journl:gde_v63_n2_p205-241
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    Keywords

    economic geography; agglomeration; cities; transport costs; spatial policy; trade; monopolistic competition; product variety; linkages;

    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies

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