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Urban Densification and Recreational Quality of Public Urban Green Spaces—A Viennese Case Study

Author

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  • Arne Arnberger

    () (Institute of Landscape Development, Recreation and Conservation Planning, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Peter Jordan-Straße 82, Vienna 1190, Austria)

Abstract

Public urban green spaces play an important role in urban sustainability. These places should provide high-quality recreation experiences for the urban residents. However, they are often overused. The Wienerberg area in the south of Vienna, Austria, was transformed from a waste disposal site into a natural recreation area. During the past years, intensive settlement densification processes have taken place, resulting in a doubling of the local population living within a few minutes walking distance. An on-site survey among green space visitors (N = 231) revealed that the majority of them considered the area to be overcrowded on Sundays/holidays and reported a perceived increase in visitor numbers during the past years. Visitors with more past experience, as well as those who have perceived an increase in visitor numbers during recent years, reported higher crowding perceptions. A significant proportion of them try to avoid these crowds, relying on behavioral coping strategies, such as inter-area displacement. While urban regeneration has provided an attractive recreation area, urban densification around the green space appears to have reduced its recreational quality. Monitoring recreation quality indicators, such as crowding perceptions, seems to be useful for sustainable urban green space management and city planning.

Suggested Citation

  • Arne Arnberger, 2012. "Urban Densification and Recreational Quality of Public Urban Green Spaces—A Viennese Case Study," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(4), pages 1-18, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:4:p:703-720:d:17297
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mahdieh Pazhouhanfar, 2015. "Analysing of Residents’ Understanding about the Inhibiting Factors of Using Urban Parks," International Journal of Asian Social Science, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 5(5), pages 290-297, May.
    2. Mehdi RAKHSHANDEHROO & Mohd Johari MOHDYUSOF & Osman Mohd TAHIRHOLDER & Mohd Yazid Mohd YUNOS, 2015. "The Socialbenefits Of Urban Open Green Spaces: A Literature Review," Management Research and Practice, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 7(4), pages 60-71, December.
    3. Sofia Nikolaidou & Tanja Klöti & Simone Tappert & Matthias Drilling, 2016. "Urban Gardening and Green Space Governance: Towards New Collaborative Planning Practices," Urban Planning, Cogitatio Press, vol. 1(1), pages 5-19.
    4. repec:eee:ecoser:v:22:y:2016:i:pa:p:18-31 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Thorsten Schuetze, 2015. "Zero Emission Buildings in Korea—History, Status Quo, and Future Prospects," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(3), pages 1-23, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    coping behavior; crowding; past experience; recreational quality; satisfaction; sustainability indicators; urban green space; urban sustainability; Vienna;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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