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Sustaining World Food Security with Improved Cassava Processing Technology: The Nigeria Experience

Author

Listed:
  • Peter O. Kolawole

    () (Crop Processing Laboratory, Agricultural Engineering Department, Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA), Ilesha road, Akure, Nigeria)

  • Leo Agbetoye

    () (Agricultural Engineering Department, Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA), Ilesha road, Akure, Nigeria)

  • Simeon A. Ogunlowo

    () (Agricultural Engineering Department, Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA), Ilesha road, Akure, Nigeria)

Abstract

Cassava is a very important food crop that is capable of providing food security. However, a lot of problems prevent the development and use of modern equipment for its production. Most of the cassava produced still comes from peasant farmers who depend on manual tools for their field operations and these farmers have made Nigeria the world’s largest producer of the crop. An increase in production of cassava to sustain the world food security needs improved machinery to allow its continuous cultivation and processing. Reasons for the low success recorded in the mechanization of cassava harvesting and processing were traced, and the attempts that have been made in the recent past by various engineers in Nigeria researching towards achieving mechanized harvesting and processing of cassava are well explained. The machinery required for cassava production in Africa, the development of new machines, and the need for more research and development in harvesting and processing machineries, which can reduce poverty worldwide and make food available and accessible for all, are also discussed. Research efforts made and the challenges facing the engineers, farmers, scientists and food processors towards achieving mechanical harvesting and processing of cassava are presented. Breeding a cassava variety with a regular shape for easy mechanization is one solution that could help the engineers worldwide.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter O. Kolawole & Leo Agbetoye & Simeon A. Ogunlowo, 2010. "Sustaining World Food Security with Improved Cassava Processing Technology: The Nigeria Experience," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(12), pages 1-14, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:2:y:2010:i:12:p:3681-3694:d:10348
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    cassava; mechanization; food security;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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