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Italian Wild Rocket [ Diplotaxis Tenuifolia (L.) DC.]: Influence of Agricultural Practices on Antioxidant Molecules and on Cytotoxicity and Antiproliferative Effects

Author

Listed:
  • Alessandra Durazzo

    () (Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca per gli Alimenti e la Nutrizione, Rome 00178, Italy)

  • Elena Azzini

    () (Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca per gli Alimenti e la Nutrizione, Rome 00178, Italy)

  • Maria Claudia Lazzè

    () (Dipartimento di Medicina Molecolare, Unità di Immunologia e Patologia Generale, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Pavia 27100, Italy)

  • Anna Raguzzini

    () (Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca per gli Alimenti e la Nutrizione, Rome 00178, Italy)

  • Roberto Pizzala

    () (Dipartimento di Medicina Molecolare, Unità di Immunologia e Patologia Generale, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Pavia 27100, Italy)

  • Giuseppe Maiani

    () (Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca per gli Alimenti e la Nutrizione, Rome 00178, Italy)

Abstract

Wild rocket [ Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC.] belongs to the Brassicaceae family and has its origin in the Mediterranean region. The effect of conventional and integrated cultivation practices on the nutritional properties and benefits of wild rocket [ Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC.] were studied. Bioactive molecules content (vitamin C, quercetin, lutein), antioxidant properties and bioactivity of polyphenolic extracts from the edible part of rocket in Caco-2 cells were determined. Regarding antioxidant properties, FRAP (Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power) values ranged from 4.44 ± 0.11 mmol/kg fw to 9.92 ± 0.46 mmol/kg fw for conventional rocket and from 4.13 ± 0.17 fw mmol/kg to 11.02 ± 0.45 mmol/kg fw for integrated rocket. The characteristics of wild rocket as a dietary source of antioxidants have been pointed out. Significant differences in the quality of conventional and integrated rocket have been shown, while no influence of agronomic practice on biological activity was reported. A significant accumulation of cells in G1 phase and a consequent reduction in the S and G2 + M phases were observed in Caco-2 cells treated with rocket polyphenol extract.

Suggested Citation

  • Alessandra Durazzo & Elena Azzini & Maria Claudia Lazzè & Anna Raguzzini & Roberto Pizzala & Giuseppe Maiani, 2013. "Italian Wild Rocket [ Diplotaxis Tenuifolia (L.) DC.]: Influence of Agricultural Practices on Antioxidant Molecules and on Cytotoxicity and Antiproliferative Effects," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(2), pages 1-14, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jagris:v:3:y:2013:i:2:p:285-298:d:25495
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Anonymous, 2005. "Trends in Australian Agriculture," Commission Research Papers 31903, Productivity Commission.
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    1. repec:gam:jagris:v:8:y:2018:i:4:p:55-:d:139665 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Italian wild rocket; agricultural practices; antioxidants; cytotoxicity; antiproliferative effects;

    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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