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Elicitors: A Tool for Improving Fruit Phenolic Content

Author

Listed:
  • Yolanda Ruiz-García

    () (Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, 30071 Murcia, Spain)

  • Encarna Gómez-Plaza

    () (Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, 30071 Murcia, Spain)

Abstract

Fruits are one of the most important sources of polyphenols for humans, whether they are consumed fresh or as processed products. To improve the phenolic content of fruits, a novel field of interest is based on results obtained using elicitors, agrochemicals which were primarily designed to improve resistance to plant pathogens. Although elicitors do not kill pathogens, they trigger plant defense mechanisms, one of which is to increase the levels of phenolic compounds. Therefore, their application not only allows us to control plant disease but also to increase the phenolic content of plant foodstuffs. Pre- or post-harvest application of the most commonly used elicitors to several fruits is discussed in this review.

Suggested Citation

  • Yolanda Ruiz-García & Encarna Gómez-Plaza, 2013. "Elicitors: A Tool for Improving Fruit Phenolic Content," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(1), pages 1-20, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jagris:v:3:y:2013:i:1:p:33-52:d:23139
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    elicitor; benzothiadiazole; methyl jasmonate; chitosan; harpin; salicylic acid;

    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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