Defining Elements Of Sustainable Development In The Romanian Territory
The concept of sustainable development, launched in 1987, knew an evolution that might be summarized like this: it was accepted and transformed in strategic objectives at the level of many national economies; it was extended at the level of economic branches, in various fields (human resources etc); it inspired actions at international (UNO), continental (EU) and regional level, that were transformed in understandings and agreements as well as actions referring to: protection of ozone layer, reduction of CO2 emissions, administration of dangerous substances, protection of natural habitats, etc.; it was included in the educational system at all levels; it penetrated the common language, polarizing the attention on the great challenges the present civilization is submitted to. At the same time, the concept showed its limits at its transposition in economic practice, adjustments, completions at the level of each country peculiarities was needed, leading to the occurrence of tens of variants, each one viable in its application environment (Berca, M., 2006, pp. 65-70). Re-consideration also takes place in theoretical plan, in the meaning of some phrases, such as: the needs of the present and future generation, ethics and economy, the development limits the sustainable poverty, man/environment ratio, etc. It is asserted that as of man existence on the Earth, the balance with the nature was broken, so that the mankind is engage in the direction of ending a cycle of civilization or even a life cycle. As a consequence, new concepts occur alongside of the sustainable development, such as: Gaia conception, deep ecology, suicide Earth or the Medea concept, survival instead of development, etc (Bran, F., Manea, Gh., Ioan, I., R??dulescu C.V., 2011, p. 79).
Volume (Year): 14 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (November)
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