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Economie di scala e dimensione urbana: teoria ed empiria rivisitate


  • Roberta Capello


Un approccio critico alla teoria della dimensione ottima della città, in tutte le sue argomentazioni teoriche ed empiriche, conduce alla seguente constatazione: il problema della dimensione urbana esiste ed è importante e per questo va superata la visione neoclassica che lo nega per definizione. Non è un problema di dimensione ottima della città, ma di dimensione "efficiente", che dipende in buona misura da quello che la città produce, da come lo produce e da come si relaziona nel più vasto insieme del sistema di città. Il paradigma della "città a rete" riesce a sposare in modo soddisfacente teoria e empiria, a differenza degli altri paradigmi proposti che appaiono, a una lettura attenta, o studi empirici senza substrato teorico, o eleganti studi teorici senza un possibile riscontro empirico. Le considerazioni teoriche e le verifiche empiriche più avanzate ci indicano che i vantaggi del cambiamento strutturale possono, ma non devono necessariamente, realizzarsi al crescere della dimensione urbana. La città innovativa e ben governata può superare i costi della crescente dimensione; la città statica e poco lungimirante viene invece facilmente travolta dai costi, ambientali ed economici, della sua crescita.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberta Capello, 2002. "Economie di scala e dimensione urbana: teoria ed empiria rivisitate," SCIENZE REGIONALI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2002(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:fan:scresc:v:html10.3280/scre2002-002004

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Davide Burgalassi & Sabrina Iommi & Donatella Marinari, 2016. "Dimensione e offerta funzionale nella crescita urbana. Alcune evidenze nel periodo 2001-2011," SCIENZE REGIONALI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2016(2), pages 37-60.

    More about this item


    Crescita Urbana; Dimensione Ottima; Funzioni Urbane;

    JEL classification:

    • R0 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General


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