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Reciprocità e Stato sociale: una spiegazione delle differenze tra Stati Uniti ed Europa?

Author

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  • Enzo Valentini

Abstract

Gran parte dei modelli attraverso cui la teoria tenta di descrivere la realta' dei sistemi economico-sociali Š costruita sull'ipotesi che gli agenti siano interessati esclusivamente al proprio benessere materiale. Una quantita' notevole di risultati ottenuti nell'ambito dell'economia sperimentale ha evidenziato che il comportamento degli agenti economici Š meglio interpretabile se, al di la' delle normali motivazioni egoistiche, si prendono in considerazione anche aspetti puramente altruistici e, soprattutto, motivazioni legate al concetto di reciprocita': oltre al proprio benessere materiale gli individui sarebbero orientati a ricambiare l'atteggiamento ostile o benevolo della controparte. Per cercare una ulteriore conferma di questi aspetti con metodi che non siano quelli dell'economia sperimentale, il lavoro propone un'analisi empirica sui dati dell'European Values Study volta a verificare la rilevanza del concetto di reciprocita' nello spiegare le preferenze dei cittadini verso ridistribuzione e stato sociale, oltre a mettere in relazione questo aspetto motivazionale con le differenze esistenti tra il welfare state statunitense e quelli dei paesi europei.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Enzo Valentini, 2005. "Reciprocità e Stato sociale: una spiegazione delle differenze tra Stati Uniti ed Europa?," ECONOMIA PUBBLICA, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2005(5).
  • Handle: RePEc:fan:epepep:v:html10.3280/ep2005-005003
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    Cited by:

    1. Renato BALDUCCI, 2005. "Public Expenditure and Economic Growth. A critical extension of Barro's (1990) model," Working Papers 240, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    2. Elvio MATTIOLI, 2003. "The measurement of coherence in the evaluation of criteria and its effects or ranking problems illustrated using a multicriteria decision method," Working Papers 199, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    3. Stefania BUSSOLETTI & Roberto ESPOSTI, 2004. "Regional Convergence, Structural Funds and the Role of Agricolture in the EU. A Panel-Data Approach," Working Papers 220, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    4. Marcello MESSORI & Alberto ZAZZARO, 2004. "Monetary profits within the circuit: Ponzi finance oer "mors tua, vita mea"?," Working Papers 200, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    5. Roberto ESPOSTI & Pierpaolo PIERANI, 2005. "Price, Private Demand and Optimal Provision of Public R&D in Italian Agriculture," Working Papers 238, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs

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