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The Individual Pension System in Turkey: A Gendered Perspective

Author

Listed:
  • Şule ŞAHİN

    (Hacettepe University)

  • Helga RITTERSBERGER-TILIÇ

    (METU)

  • Adem Yavuz ELVEREN

    (Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University)

Abstract

The changing role of women both within family and in the labour market is one of the most crucial issues of constructing a new social policy in our century. In line with neo-liberal developments, private pension schemes have reached higher proportions in social security systems all over the world. However, it is a fact that disadvantages of women (i.e. lower level of wage, intermittent work life, and higher life expectancy) have negative consequences on private pension schemes in terms of retirement income compared with traditional pay-as-you-go systems. Turkey, in line with the current trend, introduced a privately managed individual pension scheme, the Individual Pension System in 2003. This study (conducted in 2008 - 2009), using the actual data of 102,724 participants (sampled from a total of 1,457,704) provided by the Pension Monitoring Center, examines the effects of social variables (i.e. age, occupation, province, marital status, income, social security and education) on regular contributions of individuals to the system and analyzes the gender gap by using the generalized linear model.

Suggested Citation

  • Şule ŞAHİN & Helga RITTERSBERGER-TILIÇ & Adem Yavuz ELVEREN, 2010. "The Individual Pension System in Turkey: A Gendered Perspective," Ekonomik Yaklasim, Ekonomik Yaklasim Association, vol. 21(77), pages 115-142.
  • Handle: RePEc:eyd:eyjrnl:v:21:y:2010:i:77:p:115-142
    DOI: 10.5455/ey.20039
    Note: [Turkish Title] Türkiye’de Bireysel Emeklilik Sistemi: Toplumsal Cinsiyetçi Bir Yaklaşım [Turkish Abstract] Kadınların hem aile içinde hem de emek piyasasında değişen rolleri bu yüzyılda yeni bir sosyal politika oluşturmanın en önemli konulardan biridir. Neoliberal gelişmelerle birlikte özel emeklilik planları tüm dünyada sosyal güvenlik sistemleri içinde daha yüksek bir paya ulaştı. Ancak, kadınların dezavantajları (daha düşük ücret düzeyi, kesikli iş yaşamı ve daha uzun yaşam beklentisi vb.) geleneksel dağıtım sistemleri ile karşılaştırıldığında emeklilik geliri anlamında özel emeklilik sistemlerinde olumsuz sonuçlar doğurur. Türkiye bu mevcut trendle birlikte 2003 yılında özel sektör tarafından yönetilen emeklilik planı Bireysel Emeklilik Sistemini oluşturdu. Emeklilik Gözetim Merkezi’nin sağladığı toplam 1,457,704 kişiden örneklem olarak alınan 102,896 katılımcıya ait verileri kullanan ve 2008 - 2009 döneminde gerçekleştirilen bu çalışma genelleştirilmiş lineer model kullanarak sosyal değişkenlerin (örneğin yaş, meslek, şehir, medeni durum, gelir, sosyal güvenlik kurumu ve eğitim gibi) bireylerin sisteme yaptıkları düzenli katkı payları üzerindeki etkilerini ve toplumsal cinsiyet eşitsizliğini incelemektedir. [Turkish Keywords] Bireysel Emeklilik Planları, Sosyal Politika, Toplumsal Cinsiyet, Türkiye.
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    Cited by:

    1. Adem Yavuz Elveren, 2015. "The Impact of the Informal Employment on the Social Security Deficits in Turkey," World Journal of Applied Economics, WERI-World Economic Research Institute, vol. 1(1), pages 3-19, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Individual Pension Plan; Social Policy; Gender; Turkey.;

    JEL classification:

    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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