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Efeito do Programa Bolsa Família sobre a oferta de trabalho das mães

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  • Tavares, Priscilla Albuquerque

Abstract

The impact of the Bolsa Família Program on the labor supply of working mothers - This paper investigates the existence of a possible adverse incentive on the labor supply and weekly working hours of beneficiary mothers of the Bolsa Família Program. Three control groups are analyzed using propensity-score matching to compare non-beneficiary mothers to beneficiary mothers. The results show that there is a wealth effect related to the value of the benefits, given that the larger the benefit, the less active beneficiary mothers are in the labor market. Nonetheless, the net effect is positive, showing that there is a substitution effect due to a reduction in the children´s labor supply, a rise in the mother's available time, as well as decreasing the stigma.

Suggested Citation

  • Tavares, Priscilla Albuquerque, 2010. "Efeito do Programa Bolsa Família sobre a oferta de trabalho das mães," Revista Economia e Sociedade, Instituto de Economia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), vol. 41, pages 1-23, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:euc:ancoec:v:41:y:2010:p:613-635
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Anne Caroline Costa Resende & Ana Maria Hermeto Camilo de Oliveira, 2006. "Avaliando Resultados De Um Programa De Transferências De Renda: O Impacto Do Bolsa-Escola Sobre Os Gastos Das Famílias Brasileiras," Anais do XXXIV Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 34th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 155, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    2. Bourguignon, Francois & Ferreira, Francisco H. G. & Leite, Phillippe G., 2002. "Ex-ante evaluation of conditional cash transfer programs: the case of bolsa escola," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2916, The World Bank.
    3. Elaine Toldo Pazello & Reynaldo Fernandes, 2004. "A Maternidade E A Mulher No Mercado De Trabalho: Diferença De Comportamento Entre Mulheres Que Têm E Mulheres Que Não Têm Filhos," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32nd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 151, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    4. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    5. Eliana Cardoso & Andre Portela Souza, 2004. "The Impact of Cash Transfers on Child Labor and School Attendance in Brazil," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 0407, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.
    6. Marcelo Medeiros & Tatiana Britto & Fábio Soares, 2007. "Programas Focalizados de Transferência de Renda no Brasil: Contribuições para o Debate," Discussion Papers 1283, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
    7. Ponczek, Vladimir Pinheiro & Mattos, Enlinson, 2010. "O efeito do estigma sobre os beneficiários de programas de transferência no Brasil," Textos para discussão 226, FGV/EESP - Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
    8. Mônica Viegas Andrade & Flávia Chein & Rafael Perez Ribas, 2007. "Políticas de transferência de renda e condição nutricional de crianças: uma avaliação do Bolsa Família," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG td312, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
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    Cited by:

    1. Leubolt, Bernhard., 2014. "Social policies and redistribution in Brazil," ILO Working Papers 994855073402676, International Labour Organization.
    2. Lia Chitolina & Miguel Nathan Foguel & Naercio Menezes-Filho, 2013. "The Impact of the Expansion of the Bolsa Família Programme on the Time Allocation of Youths and Labour Supply of Adults," Working Papers 120, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    3. Sergio Firpo & Renan Pieri & Euclides Pedroso Jr. & André Portela Souza, 2014. "Evidence of eligibility manipulation for conditional cash transfer programs," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 15(3), pages 243-260.
    4. Naila Kabeer & Hugh Waddington, 2015. "Economic impacts of conditional cash transfer programmes: a systematic review and meta-analysis," Journal of Development Effectiveness, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(3), pages 290-303, September.
    5. Rafael P. Ribas, 2014. "Liquidity Constraints, Informal Financing, and Entrepreneurship: Direct and Indirect Effects of a Cash Transfer Programme," Working Papers 131, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    6. Maurizio, Roxana & Vázquez, Gustavo, 2014. "Argentina: Impacts of the child allowance programme on the labour-market behaviour of adults," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
    7. repec:ilo:ilowps:485507 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Sergei Soares & Natália Sátyro, 2009. "O Programa Bolsa Família:Desenho Institucional,Impactos E Possibilidades Futuras," Discussion Papers 1424, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
    9. Ferrario, Marcela Nogueira, 2014. "The impacts on family consumption of the Bolsa Família subsidy programme," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    10. repec:ilo:ilowps:469849 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Stella Luz A. Quimbo & Joseph J. Capuno & Aleli D. Kraft & Rhea Molato & Carlos Tan, Jr., 2015. "Where does the money go? Assessing the expenditure and income effects of the Philippines' Conditional Cash Transfer Program," UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 201502, University of the Philippines School of Economics.
    12. Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares, 2012. "Bolsa Família, its Design, its Impacts and Possibilities for the Future," Working Papers 89, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    13. Rafael Novella & Laura Ripani & Guillermo Cruces & Maria Laura Alzuá, 2012. "Conditional Cash Transfers, Female Bargaining Power and Parental Labour Supply," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 78223, Inter-American Development Bank.
    14. Samir Cury & Euclides Pedrozo, 2016. "Cash Transfer Policies, Taxation and the Fall in Inequality in Brazil An Integrated Microsimulation-CGE Analysis
      [equilibrium model, microsimulation model, Brazil. Classification-JEL: C68, D58, I38
      ," International Journal of Microsimulation, International Microsimulation Association, vol. 9(1), pages 55-85.
    15. Rafael Novella & Laura Ripani & Guillermo Cruces & Maria Laura Alzuá, 2012. "Conditional Cash Transfers, Female Bargaining Power and Parental Labour Supply," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 4136, Inter-American Development Bank.
    16. Forbes, Kinisha., 2011. "Inequality in crisis and recovery : revealing the divides: the case of Brazil," ILO Working Papers 994698493402676, International Labour Organization.
    17. von Jacobi, Nadia, 2014. "Can the context mediate macro-policy outcomes? Contextual differences in the returns to Bolsa Familia in Brazil," WIDER Working Paper Series 049, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bolsa Família Program; Female labor supply; Adverse incentives; Matching; Heckman's procedure.;

    JEL classification:

    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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