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Internacionalização da P&D das empresas transnacionais: especialização produtiva nacional e competências tecnológicas

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  • Rocha, Frederico
  • Ruiz, Ana Urraca

Abstract

This paper aims to add evidence to the literature on the internationalization of R&D of transnational enterprises. It focus on two main topics of the process: (i) the relation between the degree of internationalization and host country technological capabilities, and (ii) the role played by companies´ competencies. Using a database formed by patents filed by US companies in the European Patent Office, the paper shows that: (i) transnational US companies concentrate their technological efforts undertaken outside their home country in those technical fields in which US does not have technological revealed advantage; (ii) patents filed by inventors with residence outside the US are concentrated in the technical fields where US companies hold their core competencies; (iii) patents filed by non- US inventors are still a small fraction of the total core competencies developed by US firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Rocha, Frederico & Ruiz, Ana Urraca, 2002. "Internacionalização da P&D das empresas transnacionais: especialização produtiva nacional e competências tecnológicas," Revista Economia e Sociedade, Instituto de Economia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), vol. 18, pages 1-19, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:euc:ancoec:v:18:y:2002:p:165-183
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    Keywords

    R&D - Internationalization; Organization; Multinational enterprises.;

    JEL classification:

    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology

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