Human Capital, Market Imperfections, Poverty, and Migration. Evidence from Rural Albania
During transition, almost a quarter of the Albanian labour force migrated to EU countries.The vast majority migrated illegally and temporarily to work abroad. This paper analyzes the determinants of Albanian migration from rural areas based on a unique representative survey of rural households. The study confirms that those who migrated temporarily are mostly young, male, and single. Regional variations in migration reflect a combination of cultural and economic factors, including migration costs. However, we find that migrants do not come from the poorest rural households. Moreover, education has a positive, albeit non-linear, effect on the likelihood of migration. Migration is negatively related with household access to alternative income sources and reduced financial constraints but positively related with the presence and household’s access to migration networks. Policy implications are that aid programs and government initiatives to invest in rural infrastructure and rural education may have mixed effects on migration. A key policy target to reduce migration should be the creation of non-farm rural employment and rural households’ access to finance.
Volume (Year): LIV (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: http://www.econ.kuleuven.be
More information through EDIRC
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ete:revbec:20090102. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Hilde Roos)The email address of this maintainer does not seem to be valid anymore. Please ask Hilde Roos to update the entry or send us the correct address
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.