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Territorial Distribution Analysis of Projects of the Clean Development Mechanism: The Case of the Mexican States

Author

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  • Ariel Cruz Ramos

    () (Asistente de investigación, Departamento de Economía, Tecnológico de Monterrey (ITESM), Campus Monterrey. San Pedro Garza García, N.L. Mexico.)

  • Alfredo Flores Delgado

    () (Asistente de investigación, Departamento de Economía, Tecnológico de Monterrey (ITESM), Campus Monterrey. San Pedro Garza García, N.L. Mexico.)

  • Homar Zamorano Cervantes

    () (Asistente de investigación, Departamento de Economía, Tecnológico de Monterrey (ITESM), Campus Monterrey. San Pedro Garza García, N.L. Mexico.)

  • Alejandro Ibarra-Yúnez

    () (Profesor titular de Economía y Política Pública, EGADE Business School, y Departamento de Economía, Tecnológico de Monterrey. San Pedro Garza García, N.L. Mexico.)

Abstract

This investigation classifies Mexican states according to their strength for attracting clean development mechanism (CDM) projects, as a means to promote economic development from donating Annex I countries of the Kyoto Protocol. We calculated that 46.5 per cent of all CDM projects are concentrated in the states of Jalisco, Coahuila, Puebla, Durango and Veracruz. The study classifies the 32 Mexican states using cluster analysis, based on three dimensions: potential to achieve gas reductions, institutional capacities to tackle the environment; and the general investment climate. The technique creates five clusters where the key variable responds to greenhouse gas reduction projects. Findings have implications both for CDM policies, their federal and state coordination, and also for investment readiness by some states that demonstrate institutional capabilities, but where State-owned Pemex and CFE have shown low attraction of projects and shallow institutional commitment. The paper contributes to analyze the distribution of this type of projects at sub-national level, and their pulling and limiting forces.

Suggested Citation

  • Ariel Cruz Ramos & Alfredo Flores Delgado & Homar Zamorano Cervantes & Alejandro Ibarra-Yúnez, 2012. "Territorial Distribution Analysis of Projects of the Clean Development Mechanism: The Case of the Mexican States," Economía Mexicana NUEVA ÉPOCA, , vol. 0(2), pages 213-250, July-Dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:emc:ecomex:v:21:y:2012:i:2:p:213-250
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    foreign investment; environment and development; CDM; cluster analysis with k-means.;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access

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