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Inversión extranjera directa, crecimiento económico y desigualdad en América Latina


  • Suanes, Macarena

    (Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona)

  • Roca-Sagalés, Oriol

    (Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona)


This paper analyzes the relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI), economic growth and income inequality in Latin America. Using a data panel of 18 economies for the period 1980-2009, we estimate two equations that represent the relationship between FDI and economic growth, and income inequality, respectively. The main results obtained confirm the positive effects of FDI on economic growth, and show nonlinear significant effects on income inequality: while FDI leads to an increase in inequality, above some level of FDI (in% of GDP) it leads to greater equity.// Este artículo analiza la relación entre la inversión extranjera directa (IED), el crecimiento económico y la desigualdad de ingresos en América Latina. Con un panel de datos para 18 economías durante el periodo 1980-2009, se estiman dos ecuaciones que recogen la relación entre la IED y el crecimiento económico y la desigualdad de ingresos, respectivamente. Los principales resultados obtenidos confirman el impacto positivo de la IED sobre el crecimiento económico, y evidencian impactos significativos no lineales sobre la desigualdad de ingresos: si bien la IED provoca un incremento en la desigualdad, a partir de determinados niveles de IED (en porcentaje del PIB) induce a una mayor equidad

Suggested Citation

  • Suanes, Macarena & Roca-Sagalés, Oriol, 2015. "Inversión extranjera directa, crecimiento económico y desigualdad en América Latina," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(327), pages .675-706, julio-sep.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:82:y:2015:i:327:p:675-706

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    inversión extranjera directa; crecimiento económico; desigualdad;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies


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