IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

El ahorro para el retiro. Una reflexión para México


  • Villagómez, F. Alejandro

    (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económica)


Wide concern between academics and policy makers in several countries has long existed on the question of whether individuals are saving enough for their retirement phase. Empirical evidence for developed countries, as well as the little evidence available for developing nations, shows that this is not the case. This paper provides a review of the theoretical literature on the topic, particularly on the Life-Cycle Model, as well as further approaches that contribute to explain this phenomenon. Special emphasis is given to the Mexican case, providing the small amount of evidence available about retirement savings of Mexicans and showing that, in general, it is not adequate. Finally, the paper concludes with some considerations, useful for public policy that will address this problem.// Desde hace tiempo existe una señalada preocupación entre académicos y autoridades en muchos países sobre si los individuos están realizando el ahorro necesario para su fase de retiro. La evidencia empírica muestra que en los países desarrollados no es así, y lo mismo indica la poca evidencia disponible para países en desarrollo. En este trabajo se hace una revisión de la literatura teórica sobre este tema, en particular del modelo de ciclo de vida, así como de otros planteamientos que contribuyen a explicar el fenómeno. Se hace hincapié en el caso mexicano y para ello se ofrece la escasa evidencia disponible sobre el ahorro para el retiro de su población y se muestra que éste no es adecuado en la mayoría de los casos. Se concluye con algunas reflexiones útiles para diseñar políticas públicas que permitan enfrentar este problema.

Suggested Citation

  • Villagómez, F. Alejandro, 2014. "El ahorro para el retiro. Una reflexión para México," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(323), pages .549-576, julio-sep.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:81:y:2014:i:323:p:549-576 DOI:

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tobin, James, 1983. "'Domestic saving and international capital movements in the long run and the short run' by M. Feldstein," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(1-2), pages 153-156.
    2. Alessandro Penati & Michael Dooley, 1984. "Current Account Imbalances and Capital Formation in Industrial Countries, 1949-81 (Déséquilibres des transactions courantes et formation de capital dans les pays industrialisés, 1949-81) (Los deseq," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 31(1), pages 1-24, March.
    3. Harberger, Arnold C, 1980. "Vignettes on the World Capital Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(2), pages 331-337, May.
    4. Feldstein, Martin & Horioka, Charles, 1980. "Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 314-329, June.
    5. Sinn, Stefan, 1992. "Saving-Investment Correlations and Capital Mobility: On the Evidence from Annual Data," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(414), pages 1162-1170, September.
    6. Michael Dooley & Jeffrey Frankel & Donald J. Mathieson, 1987. "International Capital Mobility: What Do Saving-Investment Correlations Tell Us?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(3), pages 503-530, September.
    7. Engle, Robert & Granger, Clive, 2015. "Co-integration and error correction: Representation, estimation, and testing," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 39(3), pages 106-135.
    8. Martin Feldstein, 1991. "Domestic Saving and International Capital Movements in the Long Run and the Short Run," NBER Chapters,in: International Volatility and Economic Growth: The First Ten Years of The International Seminar on Macroeconomics, pages 331-353 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Tamim Bayoumi, 1990. "Saving-Investment Correlations: Immobile Capital, Government Policy, or Endogenous Behavior?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 37(2), pages 360-387, June.
    10. Obstfeld, Maurice, 1986. "Capital mobility in the world economy: Theory and measurement," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 55-103, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Blog mentions

    As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Bibliografía Sobre el Sistema de Pensiones en México y Ahorro para el Retiro
      by Alejandro Villagomez in Tintero Económico Diario on 2015-11-07 06:19:00

    More about this item


    ahorro para el retiro; modelo de ciclo de vida; pensiones; México. Classification- JEL: J14; E21; H55.;

    JEL classification:

    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:81:y:2014:i:323:p:549-576. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rosa María González Mejía). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.