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Preferencia temporal en el cerebro: Una revisión crítica de las contribuciones de la neuroeconomía al estudio de la elección intertemporal


  • San Martín, René

    (Duke University, Durham, North Carolina)

  • Isla, Pablo

    (Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Santiago, Chile)

  • Melis, Camilo

    (Universidad Diego Portales, Chile)


Human decision-making tends to involve costs and benefits distributed over time. This article reviews the current state of neuroimaging research on how the brain produces inter-temporal choices. It is proposed that while it is unlikely that neuroscience is the appropriate field to decide between the formal models proposed by behavioral economics, recent advances in the study of the brain have the potential to enhance these models by incorporating new knowledge on how the brain represents magnitude, attribute value, regulates goal-directed behaviors and generates prospective thinking.// Las decisiones humanas suelen implicar costos y beneficios distribuidos en el tiempo. Este artículo revisa el estado actual de la investigación con neuroimagen acerca de la manera en que el cerebro produce decisiones intertemporales. Se propone que mientras resulta poco probable que la neurociencia sea el terreno adecuado para decidir entre los modelos formales propuestos por la economía conductual, los recientes avances en el estudio del cerebro ofrecen la posibilidad de enriquecer dichos modelos incorporando nuevos conocimientos respecto a cómo el cerebro representa magnitudes, atribuye valor, regula conductas orientadas a metas y genera pensamiento prospectivo

Suggested Citation

  • San Martín, René & Isla, Pablo & Melis, Camilo, 2012. "Preferencia temporal en el cerebro: Una revisión crítica de las contribuciones de la neuroeconomía al estudio de la elección intertemporal," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(314), pages 449-473, abril-jun.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:79:y:2012:i:314:p:449-473

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    More about this item


    descuento temporal; neuroeconomía; neuroimagen; preferencia temporal; toma de decisiones;

    JEL classification:

    • D87 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Neuroeconomics
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty


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