IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Estrategia Robin Hood en Chile. Distribución e incidencia

Listed author(s):
  • Mardones Poblete, Cristian

    (Universidad de Concepción, Chile)

Chile has an unsatisfactory distribution of household income and although its public expenditure (in health, education and housing) and its redistributive policy using direct transfers, have helped reduce poverty; they have not however reduced inequality strongly. The data shows that autonomous household income distribution has improved only marginally after taking into account incomes net of taxes and cash subsidies. With this initial position, the paper determines the impact of the income distribution and the incidence on the economy, which would occur if there was a potential tax increase for households in the richest quintile and a simultaneous transfer of this amount to households in the poorest quintile. This is explored with a computable general equilibrium model using Chilean data, which estimates the direct and indirect effects of this redistribution. It shows that 3.85 points increase in the effective tax rate to the richest quintile raises the income in the poorest quintile at 61.6% and reduces the Gini coefficient from 0.49 to 0.47. However, this kind of strategy to improve equity has important general equilibrium effects, notably a fall in investment and wages according to distinct skill levels.// Chile tiene una mala distribución del ingreso de los hogares y aunque las políticas de gasto público (en salud, educación y vivienda) como redistributivas vía transferencias directas han ayudado a la reducción de la pobreza, no han logrado reducir mucho la inequidad. Específicamente, respecto a los resultados de la política redistributiva, los datos revelan que la distribución del ingreso autónomo de los hogares es mejorada sólo marginalmente luego de considerar los ingresos netos de impuestos a la renta y subsidios monetarios. Considerando esta situación inicial, el artículo determina los efectos en la distribución del ingreso y la incidencia en la economía, provocados por potenciales incrementos en el impuesto a la renta de los hogares del quintil más rico y una transferencia simultánea de esa recaudación a los hogares del quintil más pobre, utilizando un modelo de equilibrio general computable calibrado con datos de la economía chilena, lo que permite calcular efectos directos e indirectos de la política redistributiva. Se concluye que 3.85 puntos de aumento en la tasa efectiva del quintil más rico aumenta el ingreso del quintil más pobre en 61.6% y reduce el coeficiente de Gini de 0.49 a 0.47. Sin embargo, este tipo de estrategia para mejorar la equidad tiene efectos económicos de equilibrio general importantes, ya que existe una caída relevante en la inversión y en los salarios de la mano de obra en sus distintas calificaciones.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXVIII (4) (2011)
Issue (Month): 312 (octubre-diciembre)
Pages: 781-812

in new window

Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:78:y:2011:i:312:p:781-812
Contact details of provider: Web page:

Order Information: Postal: Order print issues directly in our web page or with Guadalupe Galicia at Fondo de Cultura Económica, El Trimestre Económico, Carretera Picacho Ajusco 227, 6° piso,Col. Bosques del Pedregal, CP 14738, Tlalpan, Ciudad de México
Web: Email:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:78:y:2011:i:312:p:781-812. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rosa María González Mejía)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.