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Modelos y costos de la mitigación de emisiones. El caso de un mercado de permisos de emisión para España

Listed author(s):
  • González-Eguino, Mikel

    (Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3))

The study of economic impacts of climate change mitigation policies requires the use of different methodologies. This article discusses the most used models in literature as well as its applications. We presents dynamic Applied General Equilibrium model (AGE) that implement a market for emissions permits. Emission markets are reality in European Union since the introduction in 2005 of the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS). Through this model it is possible to estimate the minimum cost of controlling greenhouse emissions. The model is used to analyse emission reductions for the case of Spain.// El estudio de los efectos de la mitigación del cambio climático requiere el uso de metodologías diversas. Este artículo analiza y clasifica los modelos más utilizados en la bibliografía, así como sus diferentes aplicaciones. A continuación, se presenta un modelo de equilibrio general aplicado (MEGA) dinámico que incorpora un mercado de permisos de emisión. Este instrumento es una realidad en la Unión Europea desde la aplicación en 2005 del Sistema Europeo de Permisos de Emisiones Transferibles (EU ETS). Mediante dicho modelo es posible estimar reducciones costo-efectivas de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero. El modelo presentado se aplica al caso de la reducción de emisiones en España.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXVII (1) (2010)
Issue (Month): 305 (enero-marzo)
Pages: 185-217

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:77:y:2010:i:305:p:185-217
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