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El ingreso de los hogares en el mapa de México


  • López-Calva, Luis Felipe

    (Escuela de Graduados en Administración Pública del ITESM)

  • Mélendez Martínez, Álvaro

    (Secretaría de desarrollo Social, México)

  • Rascón Ramirez, Ericka G

    (Secretaría de desarrollo Social, México)

  • Rodríguez-Chamussy, Lourdes

    (Universidad de California)

  • Székely Pardo, Miguel

    (Secretaría de Educación Pública, México)


This paper applies econometric estimation methods to improve the level of precision and detail in the measurement of welfare in Mexico, and specifically to estimate household incomes. As is the case in other countries, Mexico has had, on the one hand, household surveys that provide high precision income measures but with very limited possibilities of geographic desegregation, and on the other, income indicators from Censuses that allow for detailed geographic desegregation but with very low precision levels. We use our estimation method to present the first series of household incomes at the state and municipality levels, as well as the first series of Human Development Indexes at the municipality level.// Este artículo utiliza una metodología de estimación econométrica para incrementar tanto la precisión como el detalle en la medición del bienestar de la población de México, específicamente, del ingreso de los hogares. Al igual que otros países, México ha contado desde hace varios años, por un lado, con encuestas de hogares que proporcionan una medición del ingreso de alta precisión, pero con muy limitadas posibilidades de desagregación geográfica, y por otro, con indicadores provenientes de los censos y conteos de población, que permiten una desagregación pormenorizada, pero que carecen de precisión en la medición, precisamente de la variable de ingresos. Utilizando los resultados estimados, presentamos la primera serie de ingresos per cápita de los hogares por entidad federativa, y por municipio y la primera serie de índices de desarrollo humano a nivel municipal.

Suggested Citation

  • López-Calva, Luis Felipe & Mélendez Martínez, Álvaro & Rascón Ramirez, Ericka G & Rodríguez-Chamussy, Lourdes & Székely Pardo, Miguel, 2008. "El ingreso de los hogares en el mapa de México," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(300), pages 843-896, octubre-d.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:75:y:2008:i:300:p:843-896 DOI:

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    Cited by:

    1. Laura Abramovsky & David Phillips, 2015. "A tax micro-simulator for Mexico (MEXTAX) and its application to the 2010 tax reforms," IFS Working Papers W15/23, Institute for Fiscal Studies.

    More about this item


    Personal Income; Wealth; and Their Distributions; General Welfare; Basic Needs; Living; Standards; Quality of Life; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration; Human Resources; imputación de ingresos; ingresos municipales; bienestar; desarrollo humano; desarrollo económico.;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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