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Comercio estratégico y políticas ambientales para las industrias oligopólicas

Listed author(s):
  • Gallegos, Alberto

    (Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Ciudad de México)

  • Régibeau, Pierre

    (University of Essex)

In this paper we address the relationship between trade and endogenous pollution levels with a mechanism where trade policy provides the home government with a credible threat the influence firm’s strategic behavior to adopt cleaner technologies. The government has a greater incentive to protect a clean industry than to protect a very polluting one. In that sense a locally polluted open economy with an imperfectatly competitive market structure is likely to reduce pollution emission more than under an autarky regime. A commitment to free trade would be counter-productive: it would remove the government’s ability to credibly threaten lower levels of protection. We show that any trade liberlisation could decrease the home country’s welfare.// En este artículo nos ocupamos de la relación entre el comercio internacional y la contaminación endógena con un mecanismo en que la política comercial proporciona al gobierno nacional una advertencia creíble que influye en el comportamiento estratégico de las empresas para adoptar tecnologías más limpias. El gobierno tiene un incentivo mayor para proteger una industria limpia que para proteger a una muy contaminante. En este sentido, una economía abierta localmente contaminada con una estructura de mercado imperfectamente competitiva tenderá a disminuir las emisiones de contaminantes en mayor medida que con un régimen autárquico. Un compromiso con el libre comercio sería contraproducente: eliminaría la capacidad del gobierno para amenazar creíblemente a los niveles de protección más bajos. Demostramos que cualquier liberación del comercio podría disminuir el bienestar del país.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXV (2) (2008)
Issue (Month): 298 (abril-junio)
Pages: 317-348

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:75:y:2008:i:298:p:317-348
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