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Evaluación económica de la aplicación de políticas de distribución del agua superficial en la agricultura de Guanajuato

  • Bravo Pérez, Héctor Manuel


  • Castro Ramírez, Juan Carlos

    (Instituto Mexicano de Tecnología del Agua)

  • Grutiérrez Andrade, Miguel Ángel

    (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa)

Registered author(s):

    The question answered in this work is: How is the welfare of the Lerma-Chapala population affected if the supply of water is reduced for the agricultural sector as it increases Chapala’s lake level? The hypothesis says that: The total volume of water that is removed from the farmers (in Guanajuato State) goes towards Chapala’s lake. However the increase in the level of this lake isn’t sufficient reason for the welfare of the population of the basin, since this will depend on the comparison or the balance that is established between the following two opposing reasons: i) the positive effect caused by the increase in the environmental valuation when treated from a economic point of view, by lake; ii) the negative impact on the welfare of the consumers of the state of Guanajuato that takes place when it increases the price of the agricultural good, as a result of the reduction of the supply of water to the farmers and the increase derived in the value of the water.// La pregunta que se responde en este trabajo es: ¿cómo se afecta el bienestar social de los habitantes de la cuenca Lerma-Chapala, si se reduce la oferta de agua para el sector agrícola y se incrementa el nivel del lago de Chapala? Por hipótesis, el volumen total de agua que se les retira a los agricultores aguas arriba (estado de Guanajuato) escurre hacia el lago de Chapala. Sin embargo, el aumento en el nivel del lago de Chapala no es concluyente en cuanto al efecto sobre el bienestar social de los habitantes de la cuenca, ya que éste dependerá a su vez de la comparación o del equilibrio que se establezca entre dos efectos que operan en sentido contrario: i) el positivo ocasionado por el incremento de la valoración por el lago como un bien medioambiental, por parte de todos los habitantes de la cuenca, y ii) el negativo en el bienestar de los consumidores del estado de Guanajuato, que se produce cuando aumenta el precio del bien agrícola, como consecuencia de la reducción de la oferta de agua a los agricultores y del incremento derivado en el valor del agua.

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    Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

    Volume (Year): LXXIV (3) (2007)
    Issue (Month): 295 (julio-septiembre)
    Pages: 685-717

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    Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:74:y:2007:i:295:p:685-717
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