IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Esfuerzo y potencialidad fiscal de los gobiernos estatales en México. Un sistema fiscal representativo

Listed author(s):
  • Sobarzo, Horacio

    (El Colegio de México)

Registered author(s):

    Over the last two decades Mexico has modified her intergovernmental fiscal structure from a very centralized system to a distorted scenario where state governments have gained substantial expenditure functions and most of the taxation responsibilities remained in the federal government. It is argued that, to move towards a more fiscal responsible scenario some decentralization on the taxation side is needed. In this context, by constructing a representative tax system (RTS), this paper evaluates tax effort and tax potential in Mexico. The results are a useful input for policy decision, not only in the event of future tax decentralization attempts but also in designing a new transfer scheme. The results are also the first RTS constructed for the Mexican case, which shows that regional data in Mexico is gradually improving. Also, while the results shed some light as to which taxes could potentially be decentralized, the article warns about the fact that regional disparities in the country may well be a limitation on the extent to which taxes can be decentralized.// Durante los dos pasados decenios México ha modificado su estructura fiscal intergubernamental, de un sistema muy centralizado a un panorama distorsionado en el que los gobiernos estatales han obtenido considerables funciones de gasto y la mayor parte de las responsabilidades impositivas ha permanecido en el gobierno federal. Se afirma que, a fin de pasar a un sistema fiscal más responsable, se requiere cierta descentralización de la tributación. En este contexto, construyendo un sistema fiscal representativo (SFR), este ensayo evalúa el esfuerzo fiscal y la potencialidad fiscal en México. El resultado es un insumo útil para la decisión política, no sólo para los futuros intentos de descentralización fiscal sino también para la elaboración de un nuevo programa de transferencias. Se obtiene también el primer SFR construido para el caso mexicano, en el que se demuestra que los datos regionales en México están mejorando gradualmente. Además, aunque los resultados arrojan alguna luz sobre los impuestos que potencialmente podrían descentralizarse, el artículo previene que las disparidades regionales podrían constituir una limitación para la extensión de tal descentralización.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

    Volume (Year): LXXIII (4) (2006)
    Issue (Month): 292 (octubre-diciembre)
    Pages: 809-861

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:73:y:2006:i:292:p:809-861
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    Order Information: Postal: Order print issues directly in our web page or with Guadalupe Galicia at Fondo de Cultura Económica, El Trimestre Económico, Carretera Picacho Ajusco 227, 6° piso,Col. Bosques del Pedregal, CP 14738, Tlalpan, Ciudad de México
    Web: Email:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:73:y:2006:i:292:p:809-861. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rosa María González Mejía)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.