IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

La dinámica industrial y la financiación de las PYME


  • Benavente, José Miguel

    (Departamnto de Economía, Universidad de Chile)

  • Galetovic, Alexander

    (Centro de Economía Aplicada, Departamento de Ingeniería Industrial, Universidad de Chile)

  • Sanhueza, Ricardo

    (ESE-Escuela de Negocios, Universidad de los Andes)


SMEs pay more for credits than large firms, their loans tend to be granted against collateral and on short repayment terms, and many are redlined. These practices have usually been interpreted as financial-market imperfections that discriminate against SMEs. We argue that they are responses to i) the higher average cost of smaller loans; ii) the selection problems due to the natural replacement of business in all industries, which is much more acute among SMEs; iii) the need to align the incentives of financiers and entrepreneurs when information is asymmetric. We show that these practices are widespread in countries where capital markets are developed. We also make several proposals to increase access to financing by SMEs.// Las pequeñas y medianas empresas (PYME) pagan más que las empresas grandes por su financiación, se les exigen garantías, se las financia a plazos cortos y muchas no se pueden endeudar. Se cree que estas son fallas de mercado que deberían corregirse con intervenciones regulatorias. Sin embargo, argumentamos que son respuestas apropiadas a i) el mayor costo medio de los préstamos pequeños; ii) el problema de la selección originado por la salida y remplazo de empresas que ocurre en todas las industrias, que es más intenso cuando se trata de PYME; iii) la necesidad de alinear los incentivos de deudores y acreedores cuando la información es asimétrica. Mostramos que estas prácticas también son comunes en países con mercados de capitales desarrollados. Finalmente, proponemos medidas para mejorar la financiación de las PYME.

Suggested Citation

  • Benavente, José Miguel & Galetovic, Alexander & Sanhueza, Ricardo, 2005. "La dinámica industrial y la financiación de las PYME," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(286), pages 217-254, abril-jun.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:72:y:2005:i:286:p:217-254

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Rodrigo Cerda & Felipe Larrain, 2010. "Corporate taxes and the demand for labor and capital in developing countries," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 187-201, February.

    More about this item


    dinámica industrial; financiación; problema de la selección;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:72:y:2005:i:286:p:217-254. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rosa María González Mejía). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.