IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/elt/journl/v71y2004i284p943-962.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Reformas al sistema de seguridad social y el mercado laboral en los Estados Unidos y Canadá

Author

Listed:
  • Pagán, José A.

    (University of Pennsylvania y University of Texas-Pan American)

Abstract

This study evaluates the labor market impact of the most recent reforms that have been proposed or implemented in the social security systems of the United States and Canada. The demographic changes experienced by both countries in recent years are an important challenge to the financial solvency of the public pension systems. It is inevitable that in the not too distant future the level of benefits will have to fall, the retirement age will edge up or the payroll taxes will increase so that the systems become financially sustainable. The demographic changes also indicate that privatization schemes will become more popular in the future because they do not redistribute income across generations but rather they are simply forced retirement savings schemes.// Este estudio evalúa el efecto en el mercado laboral de las reformas más recientes que se han propuesto o aplicado a los sistemas de seguridad social de los Estados Unidos y Canadá. Los cambios demográficos experimentados por ambos países en años recientes representan desafíos importantes para la solvencia financiera de los sistemas públicos de pensiones. Es inevitable que en un futuro no muy lejano los beneficios tendrán que disminuir, la edad de jubilación se incrementará o los impuestos de nómina tendrán que aumentar para que los sistemas sean viables financieramente. Los cambios demográficos también indican que los esquemas de privatización serán más populares en el futuro porque no redistribuyen el ingreso entre generaciones sino simplemente son más bien esquemas de ahorro obligatorio para el retiro.

Suggested Citation

  • Pagán, José A., 2004. "Reformas al sistema de seguridad social y el mercado laboral en los Estados Unidos y Canadá," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(284), pages 943-962, octubre-d.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:71:y:2004:i:284:p:943-962
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    seguridad social; pensiones; Estados Unidos; Canadá;

    JEL classification:

    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:71:y:2004:i:284:p:943-962. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rosa María González Mejía). General contact details of provider: http://www.fondodeculturaeconomica.com/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.