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¿Que diferencia un país? Efectos de los loops abiertos y cerrados en la América del Norte


  • Reinert, Kenneth A.

    (Kalamazoo College)

  • Ricaurte, Miguel F.

    (Universidad San Francisco de Quito)

  • Roland-Holst, David W.

    (Mills College, OECD Development Centre y CEPR)


Social Accounting Matrices (SAM’s) were originally developed to assist the analysis of income distribution issues in developing countries, and now play a major role in general equilibrium analysis of regional and global trade. One emerging question is when to change from a one economy model to a multiple country model with the consequent additional information requirements. In this essay we use the North American case and the fix price multipliers regional decomposition methodology to consider the effects of a change in a nation’s GDP on other country. Open and closed loops multipliers are used to answer the question: what difference does it make a country in a multiple economies model?.// Las matrices de contabilidad social (MCS), originalmente desarrolladas para apoyar el análisis de temas como la distribución de ingresos en países en desarrollo, tiene ahora un papel importante en el análisis del equilibrio general del comercio regional y global. Un punto que ha surgido es la duda acerca de cuándo cambiar un modelo con una sola economía por un modelo de múltiples economías y asumir los requerimientos adicionales de información concernientes. En este ensayo usamos el caso de América del Norte y la metodología de la descomposición regional de multiplicadores con precios fijos. Consideramos los efectos que el cambio en la renta de un país causa en la economía de otro mediante los multiplicadores de loops abierto y cerrado y el uso de estos multiplicadores para aclarar la pregunta:¿Qué diferencia un país en un modelo de multiples economías?

Suggested Citation

  • Reinert, Kenneth A. & Ricaurte, Miguel F. & Roland-Holst, David W., 1998. "¿Que diferencia un país? Efectos de los loops abiertos y cerrados en la América del Norte," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(260), pages 505-518, octubre-d.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:65:y:1998:i:260:p:505-518

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    JEL classification:

    • C6 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling
    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade


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