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Progreso técnico y sustitución de insumos. El caso de la industria del cemento en Colombia

  • Salas, Osvaldo

    (Departamento de Economía de la Universidad de Gotemburgo, Suecia)

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    This study analyzes technical change and efficiency level in the Colombian cement industry. We use the short-run production function approach in order to estimate efficiency measures and the main features of technical change. A time series covers the period between 1968 and 1988. The data base of this study includes all individual cement companies. This study shows that the Colombian cement industry experiences a clear structural change. This is expressed particularly by a dynamic input substitution process. On the other hand, the efficiency results compare to internacional standars, placing This industrial sector very near the international average.// Este estudio analiza el cambio tecnológico y la eficiencia en la industria del cemento en Colombia. Se utiliza una función de producción industrial de corto plazo para estimar las medidas de eficiencia y las principales características del cambio tecnológico.Una serie de tiempo de 21 años (1968-1988), que incluye la totalidad de las plantas colombianas de cemento, conforma la base de datos de este estudio. El trabajo indica que la industria cementera colombiana experimenta un claro cambio estructural, el cual se expresa particularmente por un dinámico proceso de sustitución de insumos. Por otro lado, los resultados de eficiencia comparados con los estándadres internacionales ubican a este sector industrial muy cerca del promedio internacional.

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    Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

    Volume (Year): LXIV (2) (1997)
    Issue (Month): 254 (abril-junio)
    Pages: 177-198

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    Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:64:y:1997:i:254:p:177-198
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