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La medición de la pobreza en México: El origen de las discrepancias. Una nota metodológica


  • Lustig, Nora

    (Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution)


I. Estimaciones de los niveles de pobreza en México. Como se presenta en los cuadros 1 y 4, existe un extenso número de estudios orientados a estimar la pobreza en México. En el cuadro 1 se observa que -con base en los estudios citados- las estimaciones de la pobreza extrema para 1984 oscilan de un mínimo de 4.4% hasta un máximo de 35.2% de hogares cuyo ingreso(o consumo) está por debajo de la línea de pobreza seleccionada. En el caso de la pobreza moderada el rango va de poco más de 20 a 72.8%. Una parte de esta diferencia se explica por que los autores utilizan distintos criterios para definir cúal es el umbral de ingreso, consumo o satisfactores esenciales mínimos para clasificar a la población como pobre en extremo o de pobreza moderada. Esto da lugar a que exista una gama de líneas de pobreza extrema y moderada, algunas muy diferentes entre sí(cuadro 2)...

Suggested Citation

  • Lustig, Nora, 1996. "La medición de la pobreza en México: El origen de las discrepancias. Una nota metodológica," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(251), pages 1229-1237, julio-sep.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:63:y:1996:i:251:p:1229-1237

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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Luis Londoño & Miguel Székely, 2000. "Persistent Poverty and Excess Inequality: Latin America, 1970-1995," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 3, pages 93-134, May.

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