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La medición de la pobreza en México: El origen de las discrepancias. Una nota metodológica


  • Lustig, Nora

    (Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution)


I. Estimaciones de los niveles de pobreza en México. Como se presenta en los cuadros 1 y 4, existe un extenso número de estudios orientados a estimar la pobreza en México. En el cuadro 1 se observa que -con base en los estudios citados- las estimaciones de la pobreza extrema para 1984 oscilan de un mínimo de 4.4% hasta un máximo de 35.2% de hogares cuyo ingreso(o consumo) está por debajo de la línea de pobreza seleccionada. En el caso de la pobreza moderada el rango va de poco más de 20 a 72.8%. Una parte de esta diferencia se explica por que los autores utilizan distintos criterios para definir cúal es el umbral de ingreso, consumo o satisfactores esenciales mínimos para clasificar a la población como pobre en extremo o de pobreza moderada. Esto da lugar a que exista una gama de líneas de pobreza extrema y moderada, algunas muy diferentes entre sí(cuadro 2)...

Suggested Citation

  • Lustig, Nora, 1996. "La medición de la pobreza en México: El origen de las discrepancias. Una nota metodológica," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(251), pages 1229-1237, julio-sep.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:63:y:1996:i:251:p:1229-1237

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tobin, James, 1983. "'Domestic saving and international capital movements in the long run and the short run' by M. Feldstein," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(1-2), pages 153-156.
    2. Alessandro Penati & Michael Dooley, 1984. "Current Account Imbalances and Capital Formation in Industrial Countries, 1949-81 (Déséquilibres des transactions courantes et formation de capital dans les pays industrialisés, 1949-81) (Los deseq," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 31(1), pages 1-24, March.
    3. Harberger, Arnold C, 1980. "Vignettes on the World Capital Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(2), pages 331-337, May.
    4. Feldstein, Martin & Horioka, Charles, 1980. "Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 314-329, June.
    5. Sinn, Stefan, 1992. "Saving-Investment Correlations and Capital Mobility: On the Evidence from Annual Data," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(414), pages 1162-1170, September.
    6. Michael Dooley & Jeffrey Frankel & Donald J. Mathieson, 1987. "International Capital Mobility: What Do Saving-Investment Correlations Tell Us?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(3), pages 503-530, September.
    7. Engle, Robert & Granger, Clive, 2015. "Co-integration and error correction: Representation, estimation, and testing," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 39(3), pages 106-135.
    8. Martin Feldstein, 1991. "Domestic Saving and International Capital Movements in the Long Run and the Short Run," NBER Chapters,in: International Volatility and Economic Growth: The First Ten Years of The International Seminar on Macroeconomics, pages 331-353 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Tamim Bayoumi, 1990. "Saving-Investment Correlations: Immobile Capital, Government Policy, or Endogenous Behavior?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 37(2), pages 360-387, June.
    10. Obstfeld, Maurice, 1986. "Capital mobility in the world economy: Theory and measurement," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 55-103, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Luis Londoño & Miguel Székely, 2000. "Persistent Poverty and Excess Inequality: Latin America, 1970-1995," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 3, pages 93-134, May.

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