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La medición de la pobreza en México: El origen de las discrepancias. Una nota metodológica

Listed author(s):
  • Lustig, Nora

    (Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution)

I. Estimaciones de los niveles de pobreza en México. Como se presenta en los cuadros 1 y 4, existe un extenso número de estudios orientados a estimar la pobreza en México. En el cuadro 1 se observa que -con base en los estudios citados- las estimaciones de la pobreza extrema para 1984 oscilan de un mínimo de 4.4% hasta un máximo de 35.2% de hogares cuyo ingreso(o consumo) está por debajo de la línea de pobreza seleccionada. En el caso de la pobreza moderada el rango va de poco más de 20 a 72.8%. Una parte de esta diferencia se explica por que los autores utilizan distintos criterios para definir cúal es el umbral de ingreso, consumo o satisfactores esenciales mínimos para clasificar a la población como pobre en extremo o de pobreza moderada. Esto da lugar a que exista una gama de líneas de pobreza extrema y moderada, algunas muy diferentes entre sí(cuadro 2)...

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXIII(3) (1996)
Issue (Month): 251 (julio-septiembre)
Pages: 1229-1237

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:63:y:1996:i:251:p:1229-1237
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