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La política ambiental vasca: pasado, presente y futuro


  • Iñaki Arto Olaizola*

    (Institute for Prospective Technological Studies - Joint Research Centre (Comisión Europea))


This article analyses the trends in Basque environment policy in relation to the economic, social, institutional and environmental changes that have taken place in recent decades, and looks at the main challenges facing that policy. To that end, it begins by taking a look back at the main milestones of environment policy in the Basque Country from its inception in 1980 to the present day. It then goes on to review the way in which the policy is structured in terms of institutions, its operational features, issues of areas of authority (transverse and vertical) and its model of governance. Next, it analyses how effective environment policy has been in terms of meeting its defined objectives. Finally, the main trends and foreseeable problems are set out along with strategies for tackling them.

Suggested Citation

  • Iñaki Arto Olaizola*, 2010. "La política ambiental vasca: pasado, presente y futuro," EKONOMIAZ. Revista vasca de Economía, Gobierno Vasco / Eusko Jaurlaritza / Basque Government, vol. 25(03), pages 442-470.
  • Handle: RePEc:ekz:ekonoz:2010317

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    More about this item


    Basque environmental policy; effectiveness; challenges;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects


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