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La actual crisis financiera: ¿el fin de la liberalización financiera?


  • Philip Arestis

    (University of Cambridge)

  • Carolina Troncoso Baltar

    (University of Cambridge)

  • Anderson Cavalcante

    (University of Cambridge)


The current financial crisis has called the role of the monetary policy into question and has also re-opened the debates about a new regulation and the need of prudential controls of banking activity. This paper argues that the origins of the current crisis can be found in two interrelated elements that have been operating since the decade of the seventies: the financial liberalization policies implemented in developed and developing economies, and the economic policy based on the new consensus in macroeconomics. This new macroeconomic policy was focused on the monetary policy, with the downgrading of fiscal policy, and in the use as a main instrument of the continuous changes in the interest rates in order to control inflation rates. As a result, a huge and unprecedented liquidity and household borrowing has been generated in the main world economies, mainly in the USA and the United Kingdom, that is in the origin on the current crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Philip Arestis & Carolina Troncoso Baltar & Anderson Cavalcante, 2009. "La actual crisis financiera: ¿el fin de la liberalización financiera?," EKONOMIAZ. Revista vasca de Economía, Gobierno Vasco / Eusko Jaurlaritza / Basque Government, vol. 72(03), pages 12-33.
  • Handle: RePEc:ekz:ekonoz:2009302

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Todtling, Franz & Trippl, Michaela, 2005. "One size fits all?: Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1203-1219, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Antonio Azkunaga & Leire San-Jose & Sara Urionabarrenetxea, 2013. "The impact of financial globalization and financialization on the economy in the current crisis through banking corporate governance," Contemporary Economics, University of Finance and Management in Warsaw, vol. 7(3), September.

    More about this item


    financial liberalisation; financial crisis; economic growth;

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy


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