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Impacto distributivo de un impuesto a los precios de la gasolina en México: análisis de equilibrio parcial


  • Rocio Fernández Ramírez

    (Instituto Nacional de Ecología)

  • Héctor Juan Villarreal Páez

    (Centro de Investigación Económica y Presupuestaria)


On this work an incidence analysis is presented through a partial equilibrium model, where it is possible to see how gasoline taxes in Mexico present a major impact on the higher income households due to the higher consumption and the low price elasticity they have (-0.283). On the other hand, if the income redistribution is taken into account, the lower income households become the favored due to the lower gasoline consumption and higher reaction to the price increments. Therefore, with the resources redistribution shows that richer households and the productive sector transfer resources to the low income households, bringing with this more benefits to the society

Suggested Citation

  • Rocio Fernández Ramírez & Héctor Juan Villarreal Páez, 2012. "Impacto distributivo de un impuesto a los precios de la gasolina en México: análisis de equilibrio parcial," Revista de Administración, Finanzas y Economía (Journal of Management, Finance and Economics), Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Ciudad de México, vol. 6(1), pages 47-72.
  • Handle: RePEc:ega:rafega:201202

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    Cited by:

    1. Arturo Antón Sarabia & Fausto Hernández Trillo, 2019. "Internalizando externalidades: El impuesto a la gasolina en Guatemala," Remef - Revista Mexicana de Economía y Finanzas Nueva Época REMEF (The Mexican Journal of Economics and Finance), Instituto Mexicano de Ejecutivos de Finanzas, IMEF, vol. 14(1), pages 1-20, Enero-Mar.

    More about this item


    subsidios a la gasolina; impactos distributivos; análisis de incidencia; elasticidad ingreso y elasticidad precio de la gasolina;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H3 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents


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