Integrating Efficiency and Equality Considerations in the Evaluation of Public Policies: The Case of an Afforestation Programme in Poland
From an economics perspective, forest policy can be evaluated not only with an efficiency criterion, but also with a distributional perspective. An instrument that can combine both approaches -the efficiency and the distribution – in a cost-benefit analysis is presented. The traditional social cost benefit matrix is extended with a matrix to show changes in the distribution of income in the population. A third matrix is also included, which combines efficiency and distributional estimators in an abbreviated social welfare functions manner. The procedure is applied to the Polish Program of afforestation of agricultural lands in the 1990s. We study afforestation financed with national public funds on lands of both public and private ownership. The results show improvements in both the income distribution and the social welfare due to the afforestation program
Volume (Year): 1 (2007)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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