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U.S. Army Procurement of Draft and Pack Animals in the Civil War Era


  • Larry Sawers

    () (Department of Economics, American University)


This article examines the Civil War era procurement of draft and pack animals. A statistical analysis of Army records shows that the procurement of mules and horses reflected their relative prevalence in the theaters in which military commands were located, presumably to economize on transport of the animals from point of requisition. Different characteristics of the two equines made mules especially desirable in Western commands and in units with large numbers of draft animals. No statistical support was found for the notion that the abuse resistance of the mule made it preferable in units where animal handlers were poorly monitored.

Suggested Citation

  • Larry Sawers, 2003. "U.S. Army Procurement of Draft and Pack Animals in the Civil War Era," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 29(1), pages 59-67, Winter.
  • Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:29:y:2003:i:1:p:59-67

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kauffman, Kyle D., 1992. "A note on technology choice in a principal-agent framework : The case of mules and horses in American southern agriculture," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 233-235, February.
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    More about this item


    Military; Procurement; War;

    JEL classification:

    • H57 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Procurement
    • N41 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913


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