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The Gold Standard, Monetary Policy, and the Banking School--Currency School Debate


  • Scott Sumner

    (Bentley College)


This paper develops a model of the impact of monetary policy on the price level under a gold standard. The model is more consistent with the historical record than are previous models developed by Barro (1979) and McCallum (1989). In particular, it will be demonstrated that under a gold standard, monetary policy can have a permanent effect on the price level. The model is then used to evaluate the nineteenth century debate between proponents of the Banking School and the Currency School.

Suggested Citation

  • Scott Sumner, 1992. "The Gold Standard, Monetary Policy, and the Banking School--Currency School Debate," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 18(3), pages 345-358, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:18:y:1992:i:3:p:345-358

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Richard E. Caves, 1976. "Economic Models of Political Choice: Canada's Tariff Structure," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 9(2), pages 278-300, May.
    2. Buchanan, James M & Lee, Dwight R, 1992. "Private Interest Support for Efficiency Enhancing Antitrust Policies," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 30(2), pages 218-224, April.
    3. Baumol, William J, 1982. "Contestable Markets: An Uprising in the Theory of Industry Structure," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(1), pages 1-15, March.
    4. Godek, Paul E, 1985. "Industry Structure and Redistribution through Trade Restrictions," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 28(3), pages 687-703, October.
    5. Bruce L. Benson & M. L. Greenhut, 1987. "Interest Groups and the Antitrust Paradox," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 6(3), pages 801-817, Winter.
    6. Faith, Roger L & Leavens, Donald R & Tollison, Robert D, 1982. "Antitrust Pork Barrel," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 25(2), pages 329-342, October.
    7. Landes, William M & Posner, Richard A, 1975. "The Independent Judiciary in an Interest-Group Perspective," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 18(3), pages 875-901, December.
    8. Hazlett, Thomas W, 1992. "The Legislative History of the Sherman Act Re-examined," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 30(2), pages 263-276, April.
    9. Noam, Eli, 1984. "Market Power and Regulation: A Simultaneous Approach," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(3), pages 335-347, March.
    10. repec:cup:apsrev:v:71:y:1977:i:03:p:1026-1043_26 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. McKee, Michael & West, Edwin G, 1981. "The Theory of Second Best: A Solution in Search of a Problem," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 19(3), pages 436-448, July.
    12. Gary S. Becker, 1983. "A Theory of Competition Among Pressure Groups for Political Influence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 98(3), pages 371-400.
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    More about this item


    Currency; Gold Standard; Gold; Monetary;

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • B19 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Other
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General


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