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Scarcity of resources in German non-profit sport clubs

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  • Wicker, Pamela
  • Breuer, Christoph

Abstract

Non-profit sport clubs face several challenges including those relating to human resources, financial capabilities, networks and infrastructural elements. In order for clubs to realise their capacity to respond to encountered challenges, it is imperative for club executives and sport federations to have an improved understanding of the clubs' resource structure and ability to deploy resources. Drawing on the concept of organisational capacity as well as Resource Dependency Theory, the objectives of this study are to provide empirical evidence of the resources of non-profit sport clubs and to show that these clubs are characterised by scarce resources. A large sport club survey in Germany (n = 13,068) was used as the data set for this study. The results indicate that sport clubs seem to have organisational capacity, as they have many different types of resources at their disposal that which can be ascribed to four capacity dimensions. The analysis of longitudinal data reveals changes in resources that indicate particularly human resources (volunteers) and infrastructure resources become more scarce over the course of time.

Suggested Citation

  • Wicker, Pamela & Breuer, Christoph, 2011. "Scarcity of resources in German non-profit sport clubs," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 188-201, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:spomar:v:14:y:2011:i:2:p:188-201
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Berrett, Tim & Slack, Trevor, 2001. "A Framework for the Analysis of Strategic Approaches Employed by Non-profit Sport Organisations in Seeking Corporate Sponsorship," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 21-45, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Svensson, Per G. & Hambrick, Marion E., 2016. "“Pick and choose our battles” – Understanding organizational capacity in a sport for development and peace organization," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 120-132.
    2. Morrow, Stephen & Robinson, Leigh, 2013. "The FTSE-British Olympic Association Initiative: A resource dependence perspective," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 413-423.
    3. Marc Rohde & Christoph Breuer, 2016. "Europe’s Elite Football: Financial Growth, Sporting Success, Transfer Investment, and Private Majority Investors," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(2), pages 1-20, June.
    4. Truyens, Jasper & De Bosscher, Veerle & Sotiriadou, Popi & Heyndels, Bruno & Westerbeek, Hans, 2016. "A method to evaluate countries’ organisational capacity: A four country comparison in athletics," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 279-292.
    5. Cordery, Carolyn J. & Sim, Dalice & Baskerville, Rachel F., 2013. "Three models, one goal: Assessing financial vulnerability in New Zealand amateur sports clubs," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 186-199.
    6. Filo, Kevin & Cuskelly, Graham & Wicker, Pamela, 2015. "Resource utilisation and power relations of community sport clubs in the aftermath of natural disasters," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 555-569.
    7. Wicker, Pamela & Breuer, Christoph, 2014. "Exploring the organizational capacity and organizational problems of disability sport clubs in Germany using matched pairs analysis," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 23-34.
    8. repec:eee:spomar:v:20:y:2017:i:4:p:325-337 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Pamela Wicker & Christoph Breuer, 2015. "How the Economic and Financial Situation of the Community Affects Sport Clubs’ Resources: Evidence from Multi-Level Models," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(1), pages 1-18, February.
    10. Schlesinger, T. & Klenk, C. & Nagel, S., 2015. "How do sport clubs recruit volunteers? Analyzing and developing a typology of decision-making processes on recruiting volunteers in sport clubs," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 193-206.
    11. Misener, Katie & Doherty, Alison, 2013. "Understanding capacity through the processes and outcomes of interorganizational relationships in nonprofit community sport organizations," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 135-147.
    12. Millar, Patti & Doherty, Alison, 2016. "Capacity building in nonprofit sport organizations: Development of a process model," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 365-377.

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