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Prospects for secure and sustainable electricity supply for Pakistan

Author

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  • Muneer, T.
  • Asif, M.

Abstract

Fossil fuel reserves are diminishing rapidly across the world, intensifying the stress on existing reserves day-by-day due to increased demand. Not only that, fossil fuels, presently contributing to 80% of world primary energy, are inflicting enormous impacts on environment. Energy sector has a key role in this regard since energy during its production, distribution and consumption is responsible for producing environmentally harmful substances. There is an urgent need for a quicker switch over of energy systems from conventional to renewables that are sustainable and can meet the present and projected world energy demand. Hydrogen, in the capacity of energy vector and storage medium is expected to be the optimum solution for intermittency and storage of energy produced by renewables. Within the context of Pakistan solar and wind power are two of the most promising renewables. In this article, the current energy consumption for Pakistan is presented and the issue of security of electrical energy supply is discussed. Furthermore, the prospects for a large-scale switch over to renewables are also addressed and the relevant economies and underpinning rationale provided. It has been found that solar energy is a much more economical choice for Pakistan as compared to wind energy-respective costs for solar and wind energy are (US cents/kWh) 20 and 77. This is due to the fact barring the four monsoon months, the average wind speed for the remaining 8 months does not cross an economic threshold. On the contrary, it was found that solar energy has a fairly stable and consistent availability.

Suggested Citation

  • Muneer, T. & Asif, M., 2007. "Prospects for secure and sustainable electricity supply for Pakistan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 654-671, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:11:y:2007:i:4:p:654-671
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Meyar-Naimi, H. & Vaez-Zadeh, S., 2012. "Sustainable development based energy policy making frameworks, a critical review," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 351-361.
    2. Asif, M., 2009. "Sustainable energy options for Pakistan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 903-909, May.
    3. Zafar, Tasneem & Zafar, Kirn & Zafar, Junaid & P Gibson, Andrew A., 2016. "Integration of 750MW renewable solar power to national grid of Pakistan – An economic and technical perspective," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1209-1219.
    4. Mahmood, Muhammad H. & Sultan, Muhammad & Miyazaki, Takahiko & Koyama, Shigeru & Maisotsenko, Valeriy S., 2016. "Overview of the Maisotsenko cycle – A way towards dew point evaporative cooling," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 537-555.
    5. Khalid, Anjum & Junaidi, Haroon, 2013. "Study of economic viability of photovoltaic electric power for Quetta – Pakistan," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 253-258.
    6. repec:eee:rensus:v:81:y:2018:i:p2:p:1859-1867 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:energy:v:147:y:2018:i:c:p:518-533 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Anwar, Javed, 2016. "Analysis of energy security, environmental emission and fuel import costs under energy import reduction targets: A case of Pakistan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 1065-1078.
    9. Jamil, Faisal & Ahmad, Eatzaz, 2011. "Income and price elasticities of electricity demand: Aggregate and sector-wise analyses," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 5519-5527, September.
    10. Jamil, Faisal & Ahmad, Eatzaz, 2010. "The relationship between electricity consumption, electricity prices and GDP in Pakistan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 6016-6025, October.
    11. Chaurey, Akanksha & Kandpal, Tara Chandra, 2010. "Assessment and evaluation of PV based decentralized rural electrification: An overview," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(8), pages 2266-2278, October.
    12. Aman, M.M. & Jasmon, G.B. & Ghufran, A. & Bakar, A.H.A. & Mokhlis, H., 2013. "Investigating possible wind energy potential to meet the power shortage in Karachi," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 528-542.
    13. repec:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:11:p:1868-:d:118909 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Mahmood, Anzar & Javaid, Nadeem & Zafar, Adnan & Ali Riaz, Raja & Ahmed, Saeed & Razzaq, Sohail, 2014. "Pakistan's overall energy potential assessment, comparison of LNG, TAPI and IPI gas projects," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 182-193.
    15. repec:eee:rensus:v:81:y:2018:i:p2:p:2839-2861 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Siddiqi, Afreen & Wescoat, James L. & Humair, Salal & Afridi, Khurram, 2012. "An empirical analysis of the hydropower portfolio in Pakistan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 228-241.

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