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Emissions from electricity generation in Malaysia


  • Mahlia, T.M.I


Emissions in the process utilization produce adverse effects on the environment that influence human health, organism growth, climatic changes and so on. The Kyoto protocol, produced by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change (UNFCC) in December 1997, prescribed a legally binding greenhouse gas emission target about 5% below their 1990 level. About 160 countries including Malaysia now adopt this protocol. Electricity generation is one of the main contributors to emissions in the country. In order to calculate the potential emissions produced by this activity, the type of fuel use should be identified. Malaysia hopes to gradually change fuel use from 70% gas, 15% coal, 10% hydro, and 5% petroleum in the year 2000 to 40% gas, 30% hydro, 29% coal, and only 1% petroleum by the year 2020. The changes in fuel type have changed the pattern of emission production. This study attempts to predict the pattern of emissions from 2002 to 2020 due to the changes in fuel use. The calculation is based on emissions for unit electricity generated and the percentages of fuel use for electricity generation. The study found that the electricity generation company has produced huge emissions from their power plants in this country.

Suggested Citation

  • Mahlia, T.M.I, 2002. "Emissions from electricity generation in Malaysia," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 293-300.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:renene:v:27:y:2002:i:2:p:293-300 DOI: 10.1016/S0960-1481(01)00177-X

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Liu, K. & G├╝ven, H. & Beyene, A. & Lowrey, P., 1994. "A comparison of the field performance of thermal energy storage (TES) and conventional chiller systems," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 19(8), pages 889-900.
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    Cited by:

    1. Saidur, R. & Masjuki, H.H. & Jamaluddin, M.Y. & Ahmed, S., 2007. "Energy and associated greenhouse gas emissions from household appliances in Malaysia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 1648-1657, March.
    2. Saidur, R. & Rahim, N.A. & Ping, H.W. & Jahirul, M.I. & Mekhilef, S. & Masjuki, H.H., 2009. "Energy and emission analysis for industrial motors in Malaysia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 3650-3658, September.
    3. Hasan, M.H. & Muzammil, W.K. & Mahlia, T.M.I. & Jannifar, A. & Hasanuddin, I., 2012. "A review on the pattern of electricity generation and emission in Indonesia from 1987 to 2009," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 3206-3219.
    4. Saidur, R. & Mahlia, T.M.I., 2010. "Energy, economic and environmental benefits of using high-efficiency motors to replace standard motors for the Malaysian industries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 4617-4625, August.
    5. Saidur, R., 2009. "Energy consumption, energy savings, and emission analysis in Malaysian office buildings," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 4104-4113, October.


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