Time-reversal symmetry relation for nonequilibrium flows ruled by the fluctuating Boltzmann equation
A time-reversal symmetry relation is established for out-of-equilibrium dilute or rarefied gases described by the fluctuating Boltzmann equation. The relation is obtained from the associated coarse-grained master equation ruling the random numbers of particles in cells of given position and velocity in the one-particle phase space. The symmetry relation concerns the fluctuating particle and energy currents of the gas flowing between reservoirs or thermalizing surfaces at given particle densities or temperatures.
Volume (Year): 392 (2013)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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