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Food security and the Coral Triangle Initiative


  • Foale, Simon
  • Adhuri, Dedi
  • Aliño, Porfiro
  • Allison, Edward H.
  • Andrew, Neil
  • Cohen, Philippa
  • Evans, Louisa
  • Fabinyi, Michael
  • Fidelman, Pedro
  • Gregory, Christopher
  • Stacey, Natasha
  • Tanzer, John
  • Weeratunge, Nireka


The Asia-Pacific's Coral Triangle is defined by its extremely high marine biodiversity. Over one hundred million people living in its coastal zones use this biodiversity to support their livelihoods. Hundreds of millions more derive nutritious food directly from the region′s marine resources and through local, regional and global trade. Biodiversity and its values to society are threatened by demographic and habitat change, rising demand, intensive harvesting and climate change. In partnership with international conservation organisations and development funders, the governments of the region′s six countries have come together to develop the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security. The CTI has explicit goals and defined targets for marine biodiversity conservation, but not for the food security of the region′s marine-resource dependent people, despite this being the wider aim used to justify conservation action. This article suggests how the food security aim of the CTI could be made more explicit. It outlines the complex pathways linking marine biodiversity with food security and argues that improved social science analysis, inter-sectoral policy and management interactions are necessary if conserving marine biodiversity is to contribute towards meeting food security challenges in the region.

Suggested Citation

  • Foale, Simon & Adhuri, Dedi & Aliño, Porfiro & Allison, Edward H. & Andrew, Neil & Cohen, Philippa & Evans, Louisa & Fabinyi, Michael & Fidelman, Pedro & Gregory, Christopher & Stacey, Natasha & Tanze, 2013. "Food security and the Coral Triangle Initiative," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 174-183.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:38:y:2013:i:c:p:174-183
    DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.05.033

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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Fabinyi, 2018. "Food and water insecurity in specialised fishing communities: evidence from the Philippines," Natural Resources Forum, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 42(4), pages 243-253, November.
    2. Emily S Darling, 2014. "Assessing the Effect of Marine Reserves on Household Food Security in Kenyan Coral Reef Fishing Communities," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 9(11), pages 1-20, November.
    3. Heenan, Adel & Pomeroy, Robert & Bell, Johann & Munday, Philip L. & Cheung, William & Logan, Cheryl & Brainard, Russell & Yang Amri, Affendi & Aliño, Porfirio & Armada, Nygiel & David, Laura & Rivera-, 2015. "A climate-informed, ecosystem approach to fisheries management," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 182-192.
    4. Minter, T. & Orirana, G. & Boso, D. & van der Ploeg, J., 2018. "From happy hour to hungry hour: Logging, fisheries and food security in Malaita, Solomon Islands," Working Papers, The WorldFish Center, number 40781, March.
    5. Farmery, Anna K. & Kajlich, Lana & Voyer, Michelle & Bogard, Jessica R. & Duarte, Augustinha, 2020. "Integrating fisheries, food and nutrition – Insights from people and policies in Timor-Leste," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 91(C).
    6. Butler, J.R.A. & Skewes, T. & Mitchell, D. & Pontio, M. & Hills, T., 2014. "Stakeholder perceptions of ecosystem service declines in Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea: Is human population a more critical driver than climate change?," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 1-13.


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