The coordination of short-run decision-making with long-range planning
The dichotomy of short-run and long-run decision-making in economic enterprises has gained widespread acceptance, both in practice and in the related literature despite the inherent interdependence of these decisions. The problem addressed in this paper deals with the proper coordination of short- and long-run planning. Structuring the overall decision problem of the firm as a dynamic programming problem, we find that a natural decomposition into long- and short-range planning results. In this decomposition, all decisions which must be made in the first segment of the planning period are allocated to the short-run decision-makers and all subsequent decisions to the long-range planners. Though several formats have been suggested in the literature for linking short- and long-run plans, most notably the use of shadow prices and of targets or quotas, we find that from a conceptual viewpoint these are inadequate mechanisms and that the proper connection involves the dynamic programming return function.
Volume (Year): 4 (1976)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
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