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The effect of prime age adult mortality on household composition and consumption in rural Ethiopia

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  • Kadiyala, Suneetha
  • Rogers, Beatrice
  • Quisumbing, Agnes
  • Webb, Patrick

Abstract

Using panel data from Ethiopia covering 1994-1997, we estimate the impact of prime age adult mortality on household composition, household expenditures and dietary diversity. We employed propensity score matching with a difference-in-difference estimator to control for endogeneity of mortality to the outcomes of interest. Households losing a productive adult did not replenish the lost labor, regardless of economic status, sex or status of the deceased adult. With the exception of non-poor households, adult mortality resulted in increased dependency ratios, but did not adversely affect households' expenditure patterns (total, food and non-food expenditures) regardless of the sex and position of the deceased and the economic status of the households. Although food expenditures were protected, a decline in dietary diversity, especially among the poorest households, reflected increased nutrition insecurity associated with adult mortality.

Suggested Citation

  • Kadiyala, Suneetha & Rogers, Beatrice & Quisumbing, Agnes & Webb, Patrick, 2011. "The effect of prime age adult mortality on household composition and consumption in rural Ethiopia," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 646-654, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfpoli:v:36:y:2011:i:5:p:646-654
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