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Optimal currency basket in a world of generalized floating : An application to the Nordic countries

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  • Edison, Hali J.
  • Vardal, Erling

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to derive optimal weights for a currency basket taking into consideration the objective of the policymaker. We carefully distinguish between the two terms: effective exchange rate index and currency basket, which are often used interchangeably in the literature. In general, our analysis is an extension of the work of Branson-Katseli and Lipschitz-Sundararajan and then applied to the Nordic countries. We use the policy objective of minimizing fluctuation in export production and illustrate our results using Norway, Sweden and Finland. The weights we derive create optimal currency baskets which are different from the ones used in the countries.
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  • Edison, Hali J. & Vardal, Erling, 1987. "Optimal currency basket in a world of generalized floating : An application to the Nordic countries," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 3(1), pages 81-96.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intfor:v:3:y:1987:i:1:p:81-96
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Branson, William H. & Katseli-Papaefstratiou, Louka T., 1980. "Income instability, terms of trade, and the choice of exchange rate regime," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 49-69, February.
    2. Black, Stanley W, 1978. "International Finance: Discussion," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 33(3), pages 813-815, June.
    3. Asheim, Geir B., 1984. "Properties of a system of currency baskets," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3-4), pages 311-317, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hovanov, Nikolai V. & Kolari, James W. & Sokolov, Mikhail V., 2004. "Computing currency invariant indices with an application to minimum variance currency baskets," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 28(8), pages 1481-1504, June.
    2. Kotilainen, Markku, . "Exchange Rate Unions: A Comparison with Currency Basket and Floating Rate Regimes," ETLA A, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 21.
    3. Hali J. Edison, 1986. "Is the ECU an optimal currency basket?," International Finance Discussion Papers 282, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    4. Duijm, Bernhard & Nürk, Bettina, 1991. "Die währungspolitische Annäherung Skandinaviens and die Europäische Gemeinschaft," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 16, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    5. Lars Hörngren & Anders Vredin, 1989. "Exchange risk premia in a currency basket system," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 125(2), pages 311-325, June.
    6. Zhang, Zhichao & Shi, Nan & Zhang, Xiaoli, 2011. "China s new exchange rate regime, optimal basket currency and currency diversification," BOFIT Discussion Papers 19/2011, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.

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