IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Beyond resistance: Exploring health managers’ propensity for participatory evaluation in a developing country


  • Smits, Pernelle A.
  • Champagne, François
  • Farand, Lambert


The evaluation of interventions is becoming increasing common and now often seeks to involve managers in the process. Such practical participatory evaluation (PPE) aims to increase the use of evaluation results through the participation of stakeholders. This study focuses on the propensity of health managers for PPE, as measured through the components of learning, working in groups, use of judgment and use of systematic methods. We interviewed 16 health managers to determine the meaning they ascribe to these four components in their practice in a developing country, Haïti. We found that learning was often informal and that all managers attached a negative meaning to the use of judgment. Working in groups was favored by all managers, while the health managers viewed the use of systematic methods differently than do evaluators. The administrative health managers generally ranked lower in propensity for PPE than did their clinical colleagues. Implications for the practice of evaluation are discussed in relation to the work styles exhibited by managers in everyday practice, the proactive repetition of actions, the control exercised by formal procedures, and the collective versus “solitary” image of one's environment of action.

Suggested Citation

  • Smits, Pernelle A. & Champagne, François & Farand, Lambert, 2012. "Beyond resistance: Exploring health managers’ propensity for participatory evaluation in a developing country," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 256-268.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:epplan:v:35:y:2012:i:2:p:256-268 DOI: 10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2011.10.005

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Turnbull, B., 1999. "The mediating effect of participation efficacy on evaluation use," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 131-140, May.
    2. Smits, Pernelle A. & Champagne, François & Brodeur, Jean-Marc, 2011. "A mixed method study of propensity for participatory evaluation," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 217-227, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:epplan:v:35:y:2012:i:2:p:256-268. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.